Last Updated on by SCARS Editorial Team

SCARSSCARS SCARS - Society of Citizens Against Relationship Scams Inc. A government registered crime victims' assistance & crime prevention nonprofit organization based in Miami, Florida, U.S.A. SCARS supports the victims of scams worldwide and through its partners in more than 60 countries around the world. Incorporated in 2015, its team has 30 years of continuous experience educating and supporting scam victims. Visit www.AgainstScams.org to learn more about SCARS.™ CURRENT ONLINE SCAMSScams A Scam is a confidence trick - a crime -  is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their trust through deception. Scams or confidence tricks exploit victims using their credulity, naïveté, compassion, vanity, irresponsibility, or greed and exploiting that. Researchers have defined confidence tricks as "a distinctive species of fraudulent conduct ... intending to further voluntary exchanges that are not mutually beneficial", as they "benefit con operators ('con men' - criminals) at the expense of their victims (the 'marks')". A scam is a crime even if no money was lost. THREAT INDEX

Romance Scams

100

WARNING

ScamScam A Scam is a confidence trick - a crime -  is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their trust through deception. Scams or confidence tricks exploit victims using their credulity, naïveté, compassion, vanity, irresponsibility, or greed and exploiting that. Researchers have defined confidence tricks as "a distinctive species of fraudulent conduct ... intending to further voluntary exchanges that are not mutually beneficial", as they "benefit con operators ('con men' - criminals) at the expense of their victims (the 'marks')". A scam is a crime even if no money was lost. danger at extreme levels – high probability of stranger contacts from all potential media – increased victimizationVictimization Victimization (or victimization) is the process of being victimized or becoming a victim. The field that studies the process, rates, incidence, effects, and prevalence of victimization is called victimology.

Blackmail Scams

42

MODERATE

Scam danger at moderate levels – significant probability of stranger contacts from all potential media – elevated victimization

419419 An advance fee scam or fraud (419 scam) is a form of fraud and is one of the most common types of online confidence tricks. The scam typically involves promising the victim a significant share of a large sum of money, in return for a small up-front payment, which the fraudster claims will be used to obtain the large sum. If a victim makes the payment, the fraudster either invents a series of further fees for the victim or simply disappears. The 419 comes from the Nigerian law against this type of scam. Advance Fee Scams

24

CAUTION

Scam danger at normal levels – probability of stranger contacts from all potential media – normal or lowering victimization

Tech Support ScamsTech Support Scams Phone scammers may masquerade as tech support employees for a major company in order to take your money or install a virus on your computer. They may call from what seem to be legitimate company numbers using caller ID spoofing.

30

CAUTION

Scam danger at normal levels – probability of stranger contacts from all potential media – normal or lowering victimization

Email Phishing Scams

91

WARNING

Scam danger at extreme levels – high probability of stranger contacts from all potential media – increased victimization

Phone / IRSIRS The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) is the revenue & tax service of the United States federal government responsible for collecting taxes and administering the Internal Revenue Code (the main body of federal statutory tax law.) It is part of the Department of the Treasury and led by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, who is appointed to a five-year term by the President of the United States. The duties of the IRS include providing tax assistance to taxpayers; pursuing and resolving instances of erroneous or fraudulent tax filings; and overseeing various benefits programs. Visit www.IRS.gov to learn more. / SSI Scams

87

WARNING

Scam danger at extreme levels – high probability of stranger contacts from all potential media – increased victimization

Sextortion Scams

61

MODERATE

Scam danger at moderate levels – significant probability of stranger contacts from all potential media – elevated victimization

Grandparent Scams

21

CAUTION

Scam danger at normal levels – probability of stranger contacts from all potential media – normal or lowering victimization

Lottery
Scams

18

CAUTION

Scam danger at normal levels – probability of stranger contacts from all potential media – normal or lowering victimization

Facebook Scams

100

WARNING

Scam danger at extreme levels – high probability of stranger contacts from all potential media – increased victimization

Hangouts Scams

98

WARNING

Scam danger at extreme levels – high probability of stranger contacts from all potential media – increased victimization

Dating Site Scams

100

WARNING

Scam danger at extreme levels – high probability of stranger contacts from all potential media – increased victimization

COPYRIGHT © 2018-2019 SOCIETY OF CITIZENS AGAINST ROMANCE SCAMS INC.

PREPARED BY THE STAFF OF SCARS AND PUBLISHED IN THE PUBLIC INTEREST. SCARS CAN MAKE NO GUARANTEES ABOUT THE LEVEL OR QUANTITY OF SCAMMERS OPERATING AT ANY TIME. YOU SHOULD ALWAYS ASSUME THAT THE RISK LEVEL TO YOUR ONLINE ACTIVITY IS HIGH. NEVER ACCEPT CONTACT REQUESTS FROM STRANGERS ONLINE – YOU ACCEPT THE RISKS BY DOING SO. ALL ONLINE USERS ARE ADVISED TO TAKE ALL PRECAUTIONS POSSIBLE TO ENSURE THEIR SAFETY AGAINST SCAMS. SCARS, ITS AGENTS, SUBSIDIARIES, PARTNERS, OR AFFILIATES ACCEPT NO RESPONSIBILITY FOR YOUR USE OF THIS OF THIS. PROVIDED FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY.