SCARS™ Scam Basics: Who’s Job Is It?

Many Scam Victims Seem To Poorly Understand How The Real World Functions

To help enlighten, we offer the following overview and list of “jobs” related to scams and scammers and who does them.


Of course, these are the criminals. But few understand that this is a massive global trans-national cybercriminal empire with revenues of in the Hundreds of Billions of U.S. Dollars annually (current cybercrime costs are over one trillion dollars annually).

Their job is to use social engineering and other manipulative techniques to get VICTIMS to willingly send them money! And the succeed.

SCAMMERS usually work in teams of from a few professionals (a gang) all the way up to major cartels (corporations) with employees numbering in the thousands. There are few true single or individual SCAMMERS.


If you are reading this then you are probably a VICTIM.

The VICTIM has several main jobs:


  1. Provide the SCAMMERS with money, this is what fuels the entire global cybercriminal enterprise and helps more people become VICTIMS.
  2. Become a MULE and actually help and support the SCAMMERS actively, aiding in the scamming of others and becoming a criminal themselves.


  1. Reporting scams and SCAMMERS properly to law enforcement (local and national)
  2. Reporting to SCARS|CDN™ the global cybercriminal data network («HERE» or on «») so that the information is distributed worldwide and supports law enforcement and other entities globally so that SCAMMERS can be arrested when possible.
  3. To recover from their scam and return to a fruitful life.
  4. Help spread the word to others who have not yet become VICTIMS.


Many VICTIMS are so deeply under the manipulation of the SCAMMER that they willingly perform services for the SCAMMER. They may or may not know that they are doing this, or that it is illegal, and may be subject to prosecution. In many cases even if they were told they were doing this as a part of a scam they would not believe it.

MULES collect money, allow their accounts to be used by the SCAMMERS to deposit stolen money, and receive parcels containing goods purchased with stolen credit cards. MULES help drive the SCAMMER economy since it is increasingly difficult for SCAMMERS to receive money directly.


There is a multitude of ANTI-SCAM GROUPS on social media and websites. They fall into three main categories:

  1. ANTI-SCAM GROUPS created by SCAMMERS themselves as a tool to harvest or mining VICTIMS for more scamming.
  2. Fake (Pretender) and Amateur ANTI-SCAM GROUPS created by VICTIMS who mistakenly believe that after their scam they have become an instant expert or are going to save every other VICTIM. These groups generally do more harm than good.
  3. Professional Crime Victims’ Assistance Organizations such as SCARS (Society of Citizens Against Relationship Scams Inc.) «»


The LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT or Police has the job of collecting information (reports) from VICTIMS and making a determination if there is anything actionable on the local level. They provide the VICTIM with a police report number which has value to the VICTIM in numerous ways, including accessing mental health counseling and other services (depending on the country). They also accumulate this information into reporting for their regional crime statistics so their GOVERNMENT knows the scope and size of these crimes.

If there is nothing actionable or the information is of poor quality, the VICTIM will not hear anything back from the police.

If there is something local that can be done, then they will take action to investigate. If it is outside of their jurisdiction then they are typically prohibited from taking further action.


The law enforcement on the national level – such as the F.B.I. – are able to cross jurisdictional boundaries to investigate crimes anywhere within their nation. This includes investigating MULES outside of the VICTIM’S home town.

The information that they collect (such as from «») is typically not shared outside of their agency.

Once collected, VICTIMS rarely hear from the agency.

In most cases, they are only able to investigate and apprehend suspects within the national borders of their country. They cannot usually go to another country to arrest SCAMMERS due to international law and treaties between nations. When they have enough information they may collaborate with other GOVERNMENTS to locate, investigate, and arrest SCAMMERS.


The job of the GOVERNMENT in all this is to provide the functions, funding, and legal support that LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT and NATIONAL LAW ENFORCEMENT need to carry out their missions. It also helps to support NONPROFIT / NGO – NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS to assist VICTIMS.

It can also play a significant role in helping to educate the public to avoid SCAMMERS. But the GOVERNMENT as a whole is not law enforcement and does not directly play a role in investigating or arresting SCAMMERS.


The job of POLITICIANS is to create and approve the laws that restrict scams and empower LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT and NATIONAL LAW ENFORCEMENT to carry out their missions. They are also responsible for deciding how much funding there is and where it is applied to help control the problem or to help the VICTIMS.


Ideally, the job of the NEWS MEDIA is to be the primary educator about scams and SCAMMERS.

Unfortunately, they fail at this most of the time. While they carry stories – usually about VICTIMS, in general, they lack the understanding needed to fully communicate the scope of the problem and fully explain it.

They can also cause more harm than good when they exploit VICTIMS for their own gain. It can sometimes be beneficial for VICTIMS to come out of the closet, but not always in front of the media.


Worldwide there are only three known real NONPROFIT NGO organizations that specifically provide VICTIMS assistance and support for scam VICTIMS. SCARS (Society of Citizens Against Relationship Scams Inc.) is one of them.

In the case of SCARS, our job is to:

  1. Provide primary scam avoidance education to potential VICTIMS.
  2. Provide information to help VICTIMS cope with and understand the “how and why” of their scam experience.
  3. Provide VICTIMS assistance and support to help the VICTIM move past the scam and recover.
  4. Work with GOVERNMENT and law enforcement to better understand scams and potential solutions, as well as address current law or new laws if needed.
  5. Collect and distribute scam and SCAMMER data (SCARS|CDN) for distribution to agencies around the world to facilitate law enforcement and governance strategies.

These Are The Jobs

Which one are you? Will you do your job?



SCARS the Society of Citizens Against Relationship Scams Incorporated


A SCARS Division
Miami Florida U.S.A.


TAGS: SCARS, Important Article, Information About Scams, Anti-Scam, Government, Law Enforcement, Victims, Scammers, Mules, News Media, Nonprofits, NGO, Politicians, Scam Basics, Amateur Anti-Scam Groups,

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FAQ: How Do You Properly Report Scammers?

It is essential that law enforcement knows about scams & scammers, even though there is nothing (in most cases) that they can do.

Always report scams involving money lost or where you received money to:

  1. Local Police – ask them to take an “informational” police report – say you need it for your insurance
  2. Your National Police or FBI « »
  3. The SCARS|CDN™ Cybercriminal Data Network – Worldwide Reporting Network « HERE » or on « »

This helps your government understand the problem, and allows law enforcement to add scammers on watch lists worldwide.

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Visit our NEW Main SCARS Facebook page for much more information about scams and online crime: « »


To learn more about SCARS visit « »

Please be sure to report all scammers
« HERE » or on « »


SCARS™ Scam Basics: Who's Job Is It? 2


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