Last Updated on by SCARS Editorial Team

SCARSSCARS SCARS - Society of Citizens Against Relationship Scams Inc. A government registered crime victims' assistance & crime prevention nonprofit organization based in Miami, Florida, U.S.A. SCARS supports the victims of scams worldwide and through its partners in more than 60 countries around the world. Incorporated in 2015, its team has 30 years of continuous experience educating and supporting scam victims. Visit www.AgainstScams.org to learn more about SCARS.Psychology of ScamsPsychology Of Scams Psychology Of Scams is the study of the psychological or emotional effects of scams or financial fraud on victims of these crimes. It helps victims to better understand the impact of scams on them personally or on others. To find the SCARS articles on the Psychology of Scams, use the search option to enter the term and find them.: Screen Time, Sleep Deprivation, and Romance ScamsScams A Scam is a confidence trick - a crime -  is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their trust through deception. Scams or confidence tricks exploit victims using their credulity, naïveté, compassion, vanity, irresponsibility, or greed and exploiting that. Researchers have defined confidence tricks as "a distinctive species of fraudulent conduct ... intending to further voluntary exchanges that are not mutually beneficial", as they "benefit con operators ('con men' - criminals) at the expense of their victims (the 'marks')". A scam is a crime even if no money was lost.

The Effects of Screen Time on Health

Extract of an article by Dr. Gadi Lissak, Behavioral Medicine Psychologist & Biofeedback Specialist, on the effects of screen time on the health of children, adolescents, and adults.

[lwptoc]

Introduction

The variety of devices enabling media consumption is constantly increasing, and there is constant improvement in their technological capabilities.  However, one of the constant common characteristics is a display screen.

This allows for a large number of stimuli to be compressed into the user experience, and at an accelerated pace.  The growth in the number of websites and social networks has also attracted children and adults to spend more time on a device or computer screen.  As a result, there has been a steady increase in screen time for everyone around the world, of an average of about seven hours a day.

Many studies in recent years have found a correlation between prolonged multimedia exposure and health problems among children and adults.  While there is significant public awareness about the possible effect of mobile phone radiation, the public is less aware of the other effects of screen time on health which can include harm to the endocrinal, cardiovascular and neurological systems, as well as lead to difficulties with vision and posture. And it can also lead to increased vulnerability to cyber-enabled crimeCyber-enabled Crime A Cyber-enabled crime is one where technology facilitates a criminal to commit a crime against an individual or a business. These are where there is a one to one relationship between the criminal and the victim. Romance scams, email fraud, and many other types of scams are considered cyber-enabled crimes. The technology used can be the Internet, a computer, a phone, or other devices. (namely scams).

Effects on the Endocrine System

Melatonin Hormone

Studies have found that prolonged exposure to screens – even passive viewing – causes sleep disorders, and thereby affect levels of the melatonin hormone, which regulates sleep and plays an important role in strengthening the immune system, and other processes.  Sleep deprivation thus damages the immune system and may be considered an indirect cause creating risk of many illnesses.

Cortisol Hormone and the Effects of Screen Time on Functioning Under Stress

The cortisol hormone helps the body function under stressful situations by increasing blood sugar levels and reducing the response of the immune system.  Studies have shown that children and adults using computers/devices at an average of three hours a day possessed lower cortisol levels, which can gradually damage the body’s ability to cope with stressful situations.  Studies also found that children and adults who did not use computers/devices at all, or for less than an hour a