(Last Updated On: April 11, 2022)

Victim Compensation

This mostly Applies To Crime Victims In: the United States, United Kingdom & Canada, And Select Others

If you have been injured psychologically as a result of crime, you may be able to claim compensation.

Crime Victim Compensation

If you have been injured psychologically as a result of crime, you may be able to claim compensation.

In The United States

In the United States, there are benefits available for counseling and other assistance. Contact your state, county, or city social services for this information.

Learn more here: Urgent Financial Assistance For Scam Victims – SCARS™ Victims’ Support & Recovery | SCARS Romance Scams Education & Support Website (romancescamsnow.com)

Additionally, visit your state’s Attorney General’s website for additional information about victims assistance and support for residents of that state.

United Kingdom

CriminalCriminal A criminal is any person who through a decision or act engages in a crime. This can be complicated, as many people break laws unknowingly, however, in our context, it is a person who makes a decision to engage in unlawful acts or to place themselves with others who do this. A criminal always has the ability to decide not to break the law, or if they initially engage in crime to stop doing it, but instead continues. Injuries Compensation

If you have been injured, psychologically or physically, as a result of crime, you may be able to claim compensation.

Unless there are good reasons, you should report the incident to the police as soon as possible after it happened and submit an application for compensation within two years of the date of the incident that caused the injury.  The two-year time limit may be waived if Compensation Services consider that there is good reason for the delay and it is in the interests of justice to do so.

You can deal with Compensation Services directly, or via a representative who may take part of your award as a fee.  Many local Victims’ Support agencies in the U.K. have a Compensation Advocacy Service, which should be free of charge. However, confirm this before agreeing to have them help you.

Many agencies can help you with your application for a claim, give you information, and advocate for you during the process.  Compensation is awarded according to a tariff scheme dependent on your injuries – scamScam A Scam is a confidence trick - a crime -  is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their trust through deception. Scams or confidence tricks exploit victims using their credulity, naïveté, compassion, vanity, irresponsibility, or greed and exploiting that. Researchers have defined confidence tricks as "a distinctive species of fraudulent conduct ... intending to further voluntary exchanges that are not mutually beneficial", as they "benefit con operators ('con men' - criminals) at the expense of their victims (the 'marks')". A scam is a crime even if no money was lost. victims with traumaTrauma Emotional and psychological trauma is the result of extraordinarily stressful events that shatter your sense of security, making you feel helpless in a dangerous world. Psychological trauma can leave you struggling with upsetting emotions, memories, and anxiety that won’t go away. It can also leave you feeling numb, disconnected, and unable to trust other people. Traumatic experiences often involve a threat to life or safety or other emotional shocks, but any situation that leaves you feeling overwhelmed and isolated can result in trauma, even if it doesn’t involve physical harm. It’s not the objective circumstances that determine whether an event is traumatic, but your subjective emotional experience of the event. The more frightened and helpless you feel, the more likely you are to be traumatized. Trauma requires treatment, either through counseling or therapy or through trauma-oriented support programs, such as those offered by SCARS. may need an assessment first.  You can speak with the victims liaison at your local policeLocal Police The Local Police is your first responder in most countries. In most English-speaking countries and in Europe report to them first. In other countries look for your national cybercrime police units to report scams to. In the U.S., Canada, & Australia, you must report to the local police first. for more information too.

If you are declined, you can request a review!

If you do not agree with the decision on your application you are entitled to:

  • Request a review of the decision, within 90 days of the original decision
  • To have the review processed efficiently, fairly and afresh by a different claims officer than the officer who made the original decision
  • Receive a clear explanation of the review decision
  • Be given information on how to appeal the decision, including the procedure and time limits
  • You can appeal the result of the review to the Criminal Injuries Compensation Appeals Panel for NI.  This panel is independent of Compensation Services and their decision is final.

What Is The Process?

How to claim Criminal Injuries Compensation:

  1. Victim is contacted by a local agency/individual contacts a local agency in aftermath of crime
  2. Appointment made with a volunteer to assess victims’ needs
  3. If victim meets eligibility criteria, a volunteer will help them complete Criminal Injuries Compensation Application Form
  4. Form submitted to Compensation Services
  5. First decision made by Compensation Services
  6. If victim is unhappy with the decision, the agency canl liaise with Compensation Services on the victims’ behalf to review this decision
  7. Review decision made by Compensation Services
  8. If the victim is unhappy with this second decision agency can liaise with the Criminal Injuries Compensation Appeals Panel and will provide representation if the appeal is granted
  9. Decision made by Appeals Panel on eligibility and level of compensation awarded

In Canada

In Canada, financial compensation for victims of crimes is administered by the provinces, according to their own rules and standards. This overview provides information generally applicable to all provincial programs; however, some programs may offer more services and benefits than those listed here. For information concerning specific provincial programs, contact information for each is provided below.

The following information can change at any time. We suggest contacting your local police to ask about victims’ advocates in your area.

Eligibility Requirements

  • Report to police. Generally within 1 year (2 years for some provinces), but exceptions are made.
  • Filing period. Generally within 1 year from the date of the crime (2 years for some provinces), but exceptions are made.
  • Foreign citizen eligibility. Citizens of foreign countries are eligible to apply for compensation.

Claimants

  • Victims of violent or personal crimes (such as traumatic injuries)
  • Dependents of homicide victims

Procedures

A claimant may obtain an application by contacting the program within the province where the crime occurred. The application should be sent directly to the program office. Decisions are generally made between 1 and 5 years after an application is made. Once a decision is made, compensation will be paid to the claimant in approximately 4 weeks.

Benefits and Award Limits

The maximum award benefits range between Can$5,000 and Can$25,000.

  • Compensable costs
  • Medical expenses
  • Mental healthMental health Mental health, defined by the World Health Organization (WHO), is "a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community". According to WHO, mental health includes "subjective well-being, perceived self-efficacy, autonomy, competence, intergenerational dependence, and self-actualization of one's intellectual and emotional potential, among others". From the perspectives of positive psychology or of holism, mental health may include an individual's ability to enjoy life and to create a balance between life activities and efforts to achieve psychological resilience. Cultural differences, subjective assessments, and competing professional theories all affect how one defines "mental health". expenses
  • Lost wages for incapacitated or disabled victims
  • Lost support for dependents of victims
  • Funeral expenses
  • Rehabilitation for disabled victims
  • Services to replace work in the home previously performed by the victim
  • Emergency awards. Expedited compensation is offered for aged or terminally ill victims.

Funding sources.

Each of the provincial programs is funded through either consolidated revenue of the province, surcharge revenue, general tax revenue, or a combination of these.

Contact Information (by Province and Territory):

Alberta

Alberta does not offer victim compensation, but financial benefits and assistance for victims are available.

Alberta Solicitor General Victims Programs, 10th Floor
J.E. Brownlee Building 10365–97, St. Edmonton, Alberta T5J 3W7
Telephone: 780–427–3460 or 780–427–7217
Fax: 780–422–4213
Internet: https://www.solgps.alberta.ca/programs_and_services/victim_services/Pages/default.aspx

Languages used—
• On application forms: English
• In correspondence: English
• By telephone: English

British Columbia

The Crime Victim Assistance Program
Mailing Address: P.O. Box 5550 Stn. Terminal, Vancouver, BC V6B 1H1
Street Address: None provided
Telephone: 604–660–3888 or 1–866–660–3888 (within BC)
Fax: 604–244–6480
Internet: www.pssg.gov.bc.ca/victim_services

Languages used—
• On application forms: English
• In correspondence: English
• By telephone: English

Manitoba

Manitoba Compensation for Victims of Crime Program
202-379 Broadway, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3C 0T9
Telephone: 204–945–0899 or 1–800–262–9344 (toll-free in Manitoba)
Fax: 204–948–3071
Internet: www.gov.mb.ca/justice/victims

Languages used—
• On application forms: English, French
• In correspondence: English, French
• By telephone: English, French

New Brunswick

Victim Services Program, Department of Solicitor General, 4th Floor
Barker House, 570 Queen Street, P.O. Box 6000, Fredericton, New Brunswick E3B 5H1
Telephone: 506–453–3992
Fax: 506–453–7481
Internet: www.gnb.ca/0276/victimservices/index-e.asp

Languages used—
• On application forms: English, French
• In correspondence: English, French
• By telephone: English, French

Newfoundland

Newfoundland may not offer compensation, but victim assistance is available (check regardless.)

Victim Services (Provincial Office), 315 Duckworth Street
P.O. Box 8700, St. John’s NL A1B 4J6
Telephone: 709–729–0900
Fax: 709–729–0053

Languages used—
• On application forms: English
• In correspondence: English
• By telephone: English

Northwest Territories

The Northwest Territories government does not offer compensation, but victim assistance is available (check for updates.)

Internet: www.justice.gov.nt.ca/VictimServices/index.shtml

Nova Scotia

Victim Services Unit, 5151 Terminal Road, P.O. Box 7, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3J 2L6
Telephone: 902–424–8785
Fax: 902–424–0252
Internet: www.gov.ns.ca/just/victim_Services/default.asp

Languages used—
• On application forms: English
• In correspondence: English
• By telephone: English

Ontario

Ontario Criminal Injuries Compensation Board, 439 University Avenue, 4th Floor, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1Y8
Telephone 416–326–2900 or 1–800–372–7463 (toll-free)
Internet: www.attorneygeneral.jus.gov.on.ca/english/about/vw/cicb.asp

Languages used—
• On application forms: English, French
• In correspondence: English, French
• By telephone: English, French

Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island does not offer compensation, but victim assistance is available.

Internet: www.gov.pe.ca/attorneygeneral/index.php3?number=1000941&lang=E

Québec

Commission de la santé et de la sécurité du travail. Direction l’indemnisation des victimes d’actes criminels
1199 rue Bleury, P.O. Box 6056, Station Centreville, Succursalé A, Montréal, Québec H3C 4E1
Telephone: 1–800–561–IVAC
Internet: www.justice.gouv.qc.ca/english/publications/generale/rec-ress-a.htm

Languages used—
• On application forms: French, English
• In correspondence: French, English
• By telephone: French, English

Saskatchewan

Saskatchewan Justice Victims Services, 6th Floor, 1874 Scarth Street, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada S4P 3V7
Telephone: 306–787–3500
Fax: 306–787–0081
E-mail: victimservices@justice.gov.sk.ca
Internet: www.saskjustice.gov.sk.ca/victimsservices

Languages used—
• On application forms: English
• In correspondence: English
• By telephone: English

Yukon Territories

The Yukon Territories government does not offer compensation, but victim assistance is available.

Victim Services and Family Violence Prevention Unit, J-7, Department of Justice, Government of Yukon
301 Jarvis Street, Whitehorse, Yukon Y1A 2C6
Telephone: 867–667–8500 or 1–800–661–0408 (within Yukon)
Fax: 867–393–6240
E-mail: information@gov.yk.ca
Internet: www.justice.gov.yk.ca/prog/cor/vs/index.html

Languages used—
• On application forms: English
• In correspondence: English
• By telephone: English

NEW ZEALAND

To learn about New Zealand’s Victims’ programs visit here: http://www.victimsinfo.govt.nz/support-and-services/information-and-services-for-victims/

AUSTRALIA

At this time, we do not have the details of victims’ compensation programs in these countries. You should contact you local police victims’ advocates and state justice websites to learn about the availability of these programs.

TAGS: SCARS, Crime Victim Compensation, Crime Victim Funds, Crime Victims’ Assistance, Crime Victim Advocates, Information About Scams, Anti-Scam, Scams, Scammers, Fraudsters, Cybercrime, Crybercriminals, Romance Scams, Scam Victims, Online FraudFraud In law, fraud is intentional deception to secure unfair or unlawful gain (money or other assets), or to deprive a victim of a legal right. Fraud can violate civil law (e.g., a fraud victim may sue the fraud perpetrator to avoid the fraud or recover monetary compensation) or criminal law (e.g., a fraud perpetrator may be prosecuted and imprisoned by governmental authorities), or it may cause no loss of money, property, or legal right but still be an element of another civil or criminal wrong. The purpose of fraud may be monetary gain or other benefits, for example by obtaining a passport, travel document, or driver's license, or mortgage fraud, where the perpetrator may attempt to qualify for a mortgage by way of false statements. A fraud can also be a hoax, which is a distinct concept that involves deliberate deception without the intention of gain or of materially damaging or depriving a victim., Online Crime Is Real Crime, Scam Avoidance

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By the SCARSSCARS SCARS - Society of Citizens Against Relationship Scams Inc. A government registered crime victims' assistance & crime prevention nonprofit organization based in Miami, Florida, U.S.A. SCARS supports the victims of scams worldwide and through its partners in more than 60 countries around the world. Incorporated in 2015, its team has 30 years of continuous experience educating and supporting scam victims. Visit www.AgainstScams.org to learn more about SCARS.™ Editorial Team
Society of Citizens Against Relationship ScamsSCARS SCARS - Society of Citizens Against Relationship Scams Inc. A government registered crime victims' assistance & crime prevention nonprofit organization based in Miami, Florida, U.S.A. SCARS supports the victims of scams worldwide and through its partners in more than 60 countries around the world. Incorporated in 2015, its team has 30 years of continuous experience educating and supporting scam victims. Visit www.AgainstScams.org to learn more about SCARS. Inc.

A Worldwide Crime Victims Assistance & Crime Prevention Nonprofit Organization Headquartered In Miami Florida USA & Monterrey NL Mexico, with Partners In More Than 60 Countries
To Learn More, Volunteer, or Donate Visit: www.AgainstScams.org
Contact Us: Contact@AgainstScams.org