Stooges & Stooge Bank Accounts Used In Money Laundering 2023

Stooges & Stooge Bank Accounts Used In Money Laundering

Knowing or Unknowing Partners in Organized Crime

How Scams Work – A SCARS Insight


In the context of organized crime, “stooge account holders” are individuals who knowingly or unknowingly allow their bank or financial accounts to be used for money laundering purposes, much like money mules. Except money mules actively participate in the process, stooges typically do not.

NOTE: Stooges or stooge account is a very derogatory term and is only used because it is an anti-fraud industry standard term.

These accounts are often used to receive illicit funds from criminal activities and then disperse them to other accounts, making it difficult for law enforcement to trace the origin of the money.

With the increased use of the term ‘stooge,’ this term complicates our overall use and understanding of money mules. In the broder sense, stooges are money mules, and the principal distinction is they are unwitting or unknowing that they are involved in crime.

Stooge Bank Account Holders and Money Mules

Stooge account holders are money mules.

Both individuals who are involved in money laundering, but there are some key differences between the two. But it is perhaps a distinction without much value, unless we start using the term money mule to mean only people who had knowledge they are involved in illegal activities.

SCARS NOTE: this article is presented to improve everyone’s understanding of the term stooge, however, beyond this, we will continue to use the term money mule (for now) since it is the more accepted term overall.

Stooge account holders are individuals who knowingly or unknowingly allow their bank accounts to be used to launder money. They may be recruited by criminals through various methods, such as threats, coercion, or romance scams. Stooge account holders may not fully understand the consequences of their actions, and they may not be aware that they are helping to launder money.

Money mules are individuals who are often hired to transfer money for criminals (though not always, sometimes money mules are unaware of the criminality.) They typically know that they are involved in money laundering, and they may be paid a small fee for their services. Money mules are often recruited through online job postings or advertisements. Except in the case of romance scam victims who may open accounts at the request of their romantic partner believing in the fake identity.

In contrast to stooge account holders who are also often victims of circumstance or manipulation, In both cases, the terms can be used interchangeably. This distinction is crucial in understanding the motivations and potential consequences for each group.

While both stooge account holders and money mules contribute to money laundering, their levels of awareness and involvement differ significantly. Stooge account holders may be unwitting victims of criminal schemes.

Stooge Bank Accounts and Romance Scams

Stooges play an increasingly crucial role in the overall money laundering process, particularly in romance scams, by providing a channel for criminals to receive and disperse illicit funds. In romance scams, criminals often establish online relationships with unsuspecting victims, gaining their trust and affection over time. Once a strong emotional connection is established, criminals may begin to request financial assistance from the victim, often under the guise of needing help with medical expenses, travel costs, or business ventures.

To facilitate these transactions, criminals often instruct victims to transfer funds into accounts controlled by stooges. These accounts serve as intermediaries, temporarily holding the illicit funds before they are further dispersed to the criminal’s ultimate beneficiaries. The use of stooges helps to conceal the true origin of the money and makes it more difficult for law enforcement to track the funds back to the criminals.

Additionally, romance or relationship scam victims often open accounts themselves – playing the role of a money mule or stooge in the process.

In romance scams, stooges may be recruited through various methods, including:

  1. Direct Recruitment: Criminals usually never directly recruit individuals, even those struggling financially, and offer them a share of the proceeds in exchange for providing access to their accounts. Instead, they will form romantic relationships to get the victims to open accounts and facilitate the money laundering.

  2. Romance Scams on Stooges: Criminals may even engage in romance scams with the stooges themselves, manipulating them into opening accounts or transferring funds under the guise of a fake relationship (as we said above.)

Once recruited, either as an aware or unaware stooge (money mule,) stooges receive instructions from criminals to open new accounts, provide account details, or transfer funds to specific recipients. In some cases, stooges may even be instructed to withdraw cash from their accounts and deliver it to the criminals in person or via services like FedEx.

The use of stooges in romance scams can have severe consequences for both victims and stooge account holders. Victims may suffer significant financial losses, emotional distress, and reputational damage. Stooges involved knowingly, on the other hand, may face criminal charges for money laundering, leading to fines, imprisonment, or both. Additionally, their involvement in criminal activity can damage their creditworthiness and future employment prospects.

How Criminals Recruit Stooge Account Holders

Organized criminal groups use various methods to recruit “stooge account holders,” including:

  • Exploitation of Vulnerabilities: Criminals may target individuals who are struggling financially or have limited access to financial services, offering them money or other benefits in exchange for access to their accounts.
  • Threats and Coercion: Criminals may threaten or coerce individuals into providing access to their accounts, using intimidation or fear to silence them.
  • Romance Scams: Criminals may engage in online romance scams, building trust with victims and eventually convincing them to open accounts or transfer funds for their supposed “love interest.” These are typically money mules if they are moving the money, but if they just create an account and turn it over to the criminals they become stooges.
  • Recruitment through Friends or Family: Criminals may recruit “stooge account holders” through friends or family members, using their connections to gain access to unsuspecting individuals.
  • Fake Job Offers: Criminals may create fake job postings or employment opportunities that involve money laundering activities, tricking individuals into providing account information or transferring funds.

Yes, someone can be both a money mule and a stooge! These terms are often interchangeable, and because of that confusing.

Consequences of Being a Stooge Account Holder

The consequences of being a “stooge account holder” can be severe, including:

  • Criminal Charges: Individuals who knowingly or unknowingly participate in money laundering activities can face criminal charges, resulting in significant fines, imprisonment, or both.
  • Financial Loss: Personal financial accounts may be frozen or seized by law enforcement, leading to financial hardship and loss of access to funds.
  • Damage to Credit History: Involvement in money laundering can negatively impact an individual’s creditworthiness, making it difficult to obtain loans or rent an apartment.
  • Reputational Damage: The association with criminal activity can tarnish an individual’s reputation and social standing, affecting personal relationships and career prospects.

Preventing Stooge Account Schemes

To avoid becoming a “stooge account holder,” individuals should:

  • Be cautious about unexpected financial offers or requests.
  • Never open an account for another person or business.
  • Avoid opening accounts or transferring funds for unknown individuals or entities.
  • Protect personal financial information and avoid sharing passwords or account details.
  • Report suspicious activity or attempts to involve you in money laundering schemes to law enforcement authorities.
  • Only engage in financial transactions with reputable and established institutions.

Impact of Stooge Accounts on Money Laundering

The use of stooge accounts is a significant challenge for law enforcement agencies, as it makes it more difficult to trace the flow of illicit funds and identify the true beneficiaries of criminal activity.

Additionally, stooge accounts can be used to launder large sums of money quickly and efficiently, further complicating efforts to disrupt organized crime networks.

Addressing the Stooge Account Problem

To address the problem of stooge accounts, various measures can be implemented, including:

  • Increasing Public Awareness: Educating the public about the risks of becoming a stooge account holder and encouraging them to report suspicious activity can help to reduce the prevalence of this practice.
  • Enhancing Financial Institution Oversight: Strengthening regulatory oversight of financial institutions can help to identify and prevent the use of accounts for money laundering purposes.
  • Improving Law Enforcement Cooperation: International cooperation among law enforcement agencies can facilitate the sharing of information and improve the tracking of illicit funds across borders.
  • Developing Anti-Money Laundering Technologies: Advancing technological solutions for detecting and preventing money laundering can help to identify suspicious transactions and stooge accounts.

Warning for Victims (Stooges or Muley Mules)

If you believe that you have either created accounts for scammers or criminals or have allowed your own accounts to be used, you must report this to your LOCAL POLICE! This is your opportunity to declare your innocence and go on the record about how this chain of events happened. If you do not report this, and try to hide from it, it will be detected and you can face criminal prosecution.

Just the act of hiding the crime is a crime called Obstruction or Perversion of the Course of Justice! You must report these crimes immediately for your own protection.


Remember the increased use of the term ‘stooge,’ complicates our overall use and understanding of money mules. In the broder sense, stooges are money mules, and the principal distinction is they are unwitting or unknowing that they are involved in crime.

By taking a comprehensive approach that combines public awareness, regulatory enforcement, international cooperation, and technological innovation, the problem of stooge accounts can be addressed more effectively, disrupting organized crime’s ability to launder illicit funds and protect the integrity of the financial system.

Confidential Help

If you are or think you may have been a stooge contact us, we will help you confidentially as an advocate to help you find the best course of action. You can email us at All SCARS victim communications are privileged communications by law (just like with doctors, lawyers, and priests.)

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