An Example of How Scammers Use Emergency Scams A Scam is a confidence trick - a crime - is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their trust through deception. Scams or confidence tricks exploit victims using their credulity, naïveté, compassion, vanity, irresponsibility, or greed and exploiting that. Researchers have defined confidence tricks as "a distinctive species of fraudulent conduct ... intending to further voluntary exchanges that are not mutually beneficial", as they "benefit con operators ('con men' - criminals) at the expense of their victims (the 'marks')". A scam is a crime even if no money was lost.
Scammers employ an emergency is the trigger to get you to send money!
They can begin as small emergencies, such as needing a phone card or other small item – this is part of the manipulation. But it progresses to larger and larger amounts of money.