ScammerScammer A Scammer or Fraudster is someone that engages in deception to obtain money or achieve another objective. They are criminals that attempt to deceive a victim into sending more or performing some other activity that benefits the scammer. Techniques: Fake Video Calls
A SCARSSCARS SCARS - Society of Citizens Against Relationship Scams Inc. A government registered crime victims' assistance & crime prevention nonprofit organization based in Miami, Florida, U.S.A. SCARS supports the victims of scams worldwide and through its partners in more than 60 countries around the world. Incorporated in 2015, its team has 30 years of continuous experience educating and supporting scam victims. Visit www.AgainstScams.org to learn more about SCARS. Insight
Confirming Recorded Videos In Skype & Video Chats
Almost Every Day Victims Claim They Had Real Video Chats With Impersonated Soldiers, Engineers, Diplomats, and Adult Video Stars
They were completely convinced that the video was real, even though it is impossible. The reality is that these were recorded videos stolen and then played back during the chat!
BUT HOW IS THAT POSSIBLE?
Let Start With What Is Known
- FACT #1: Scammers steal photos and videos of the real people they want to impersonate
- FACT #2: [African] Scammers never reveal their real face until they run out of options and need to try a new scamScam A Scam is a confidence trick - a crime - is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their trust through deception. Scams or confidence tricks exploit victims using their credulity, naïveté, compassion, vanity, irresponsibility, or greed and exploiting that. Researchers have defined confidence tricks as "a distinctive species of fraudulent conduct ... intending to further voluntary exchanges that are not mutually beneficial", as they "benefit con operators ('con men' - criminals) at the expense of their victims (the 'marks')". A scam is a crime even if no money was lost. approach
- FACT #3: Victims are expertly manipulated into accepting the most outrageous stories spun by their scammer
- FACT #4: Victims are not experts in digital forensics and would not know a pre-recorded video from a live one if they are set up with the proper story
The typical situation is that a scammer sets up a scam. It can be a business-related scam or an emergency. All center around the basics of a romance that the scammer has expertly manipulated the victim into believing.
The victim simply wants to spend more time with the object of their online relationship and requests a face-to-face video chat to see the person of their affection (fake as it is – but the victim does not yet know this).
The victim Makes The Request
At this stage one of two things will happen:
- The Scammer will claim any number of excuses – they don’t have access to wifi, their camera does not work, they don’t have their makeup on, the dog eat their homework – in many cases, the scammer will try to turn this into a loyalty test and be angry or offended that the victim does not believe them
- The Scammer will agree to the video chat, but usually not right then – they need time to prepare the fake video chat – though many times they can do it immediately
Obviously, if the scammer makes excuses when they do not have a recorded video or do not have the software to fake a video call. The scammer will claim any number of reasons why a video call is not possible. This is the ultimate red flag and all victims should stop the scam right there.
But some will be able to do it, and the victim needs to understand what to do in these cases.
REMEMBER TO NEVER CONFRONT A SCAMMER OR ADMIT THAT YOU KNOW IT IS A SCAM. LEARN MORE HERE
The Fake Video Chat
In many cases, the scammers are fully capable of faking a video chat.
The people that they steal photos from are usually public figures, and not only have photos available but also recorded videos. Even normal people get impersonated using the photos and videos they upload to their personal Facebook profiles.
There are countless appsApps Applications or Apps An application (software), commonly referred to as an ‘app’ is a program on a computer, tablet, mobile phone or device. Apps are designed for specific tasks, including checking the weather, accessing the internet, looking at photos, playing media, mobile banking, etc. Many apps can access the internet if needed and can be downloaded (used) either for a price or for free. Apps are a major point of vulnerability on all devices. Some are designed to be malicious, such as logging keystrokes or activity, and others can even transport malware. Always be careful about any app you are thinking about installing. online to steal (copy & download) videos. The scammers simply use these to pull a video from someone that suits their needs.
They will edit out anything that may show them as a fake and also to limit the length of the call – since the longer the call the more likely the victim is to suspect it is all a fake.
The Actual Call
The call is made and the connection established.
In most cases the scammer will claim their microphone is not working, so they display the video but communicate via text.
But in other cases, they have stripped the audio off of the video, and instead will use their real voices as the pre-recorded video plays.
There is one exception for this, and that is that the scammer obtained a recorded video that was originally intended for a loved one and can be used for their purpose, but these are rare.
Of course, the spoken words never sync with what is on the screen, but there is always an excuse for that.
Even in real video chats or video conferences synchronization is rarely perfect. Sometimes it is wildly off. The scammers know this is something that most people would accept.
So they explain it as slow internet connections, of Skype’s fault, etc. The victim sees a person talking on screen and hears words coming out of the speakers. That is enough for most victims.
Most victims are happy to see and hear from the object of their relationship and accept all manner of “technical glitches.” Except none of it is real.
Some of these faked video calls are extremely good. After all, scammers have huge amounts of money and can afford serious kit.
How Can A Fake Be Detected?
Spotting a fake is actually simple.
All any victim really has to do is accept that it might be a fake and look for obvious discrepancies in what is seen from what is heard. They are always there!
However, if concrete proof is required just perform a couple of simple tests.
When a person uses the word “ZOO” the shape of the mouth is unmistakable – say it and note the shape of your own mouth at the end – everyone does it the same. Do it in front of your mirror so you can see it as it would appear on the screen.
Then during the video call, the victim simply gets the scammer to use that word and look for it to appear on the screen. It never will.
Try a simple question: “Tell me about your local ZOO?” The scammer will reply with something – some answer – that contains the word (don’t worry, this site blocks all off Africa and the Middle East so we don’t teach scammers new tricks.)
Now you have proof.
PROOF OF LIFEProof of Life Proof of Life Photos or Sign Photos are photos that scammers use to prove they are real. These are typically photoshopped photos to add some text or information to a previously stolen photo of the individual being used for the scam. The idea is that a victim requests proof with a photo showing a newspaper or some phrases and the scammer would then take it and share it with the victim. But as always, it is just more deception. TEST
The proof of life test is very simple and can be done in many different ways. All the victim is trying to do is see something that confirms the current time or date, or gets a visual response to something specific that occurs during the call. Obviously, a scammer using a recorded video is not able to do that.
Using their smartphone: most of the time the video chat is done on their laptop (since they need to playback the stolen recorded video). So when on-screen, their smartphone is available, right?
Just ask him/her to show their phone. Ask them to show the time on their phone. Or ask them to show some photos on their phone.
This will immediately triggerTRIGGERS A trigger is a stimulus that sets off a memory of a trauma or a specific portion of a traumatic experience. a negative response from the scammer. Because they cannot do it using a stolen video.
While the “person” is on the screen ask them to write something and show it on the screen. Of course, this is also impossible.
Alternatively ask if they have a recent newspaper, because of curiosity about what they look like where they are.
In any attempt to catch the scammer using a pre-recorded video their response will typically depend on the stage of the scam.
- ANGRY SCAMMER: if the scam has reached the stage where they already have the victims money the scammer will feel free to become angry at the victim – this is both true frustrations on the scammer’s part but is also a manipulative technique to scare the victim into fearing the loss of the relationship.
- HURT SCAMMER: if the scammer does not yet have any or much money from the victims the scammer will most likely play the “hurt” card. They will claim to be hurt that the victim does not trust them. They will frequently end the call at this point abruptly, as a normal person would by walking away in hurt or a pout. This is also a manipulative attempt to create shameShame Shame is an unpleasant self-conscious emotion typically associated with a negative evaluation of the self; withdrawal motivations; and feelings of distress, exposure, mistrust, powerlessness, and worthlessness. on the part of the victim and causes them to fear the loss of the relationship.
- THE REVEAL: another possibility that some scammers use is the Big Reveal. Meaning at this point they admit it was all a scam and they really do love the victim after all. They reveal their true identity, expecting that the victim will forgiveForgiveness What Is Forgiveness? Psychologists generally define forgiveness as a conscious, deliberate decision to release feelings of resentment or vengeance toward a person or group who has harmed you, regardless of whether they actually deserve your forgiveness. them – many do!
In the end, the techniques scammers use expands their expertise and sophistication.
For now, using simple countermeasures can easily detect fake stolen recorded videos, but in the not-so-distant future, even this will become impossible with the DeepFake » technology being perfected now.
Of course, the best defense is never allowing a scammer to take control, by never allowing a scammer to gain a connection in the first place.
Please remember to never talk to strangers online. Always STOP – then THINK – then decide if it is safe before CONNECTING – of course, recognize that much of the time you do not have the skill needed to know if it is safe!
TAGS: SCARS, Anti-Scam, Scams, Scammers, Fraudsters, Cybercrime, Crybercriminals, Romance Scams, Scam Victims, Online FraudFraud In law, fraud is intentional deception to secure unfair or unlawful gain (money or other assets), or to deprive a victim of a legal right. Fraud can violate civil law (e.g., a fraud victim may sue the fraud perpetrator to avoid the fraud or recover monetary compensation) or criminal law (e.g., a fraud perpetrator may be prosecuted and imprisoned by governmental authorities), or it may cause no loss of money, property, or legal right but still be an element of another civil or criminal wrong. The purpose of fraud may be monetary gain or other benefits, for example by obtaining a passport, travel document, or driver's license, or mortgage fraud, where the perpetrator may attempt to qualify for a mortgage by way of false statements. A fraud can also be a hoax, which is a distinct concept that involves deliberate deception without the intention of gain or of materially damaging or depriving a victim., Online Crime Is Real Crime, Scam Avoidance, Scammer Techniques, Fake Video Calls
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By the SCARS™ Editorial Team
Society of Citizens Against Relationship ScamsSCARS SCARS - Society of Citizens Against Relationship Scams Inc.
A government registered crime victims' assistance & crime prevention nonprofit organization based in Miami, Florida, U.S.A. SCARS supports the victims of scams worldwide and through its partners in more than 60 countries around the world. Incorporated in 2015, its team has 30 years of continuous experience educating and supporting scam victims.
Visit www.AgainstScams.org to learn more about SCARS. Inc.
A Worldwide Crime Victims Assistance & Crime Prevention Nonprofit Organization Headquartered In Miami Florida USA & Monterrey NL Mexico, with Partners In More Than 60 Countries
To Learn More, Volunteer, or Donate Visit: www.AgainstScams.org
Contact Us: Contact@AgainstScams.org
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