Warning Signs A Used Car Ad Is A Scam A Scam is a confidence trick - a crime - is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their trust through deception. Scams or confidence tricks exploit victims using their credulity, naïveté, compassion, vanity, irresponsibility, or greed and exploiting that. Researchers have defined confidence tricks as "a distinctive species of fraudulent conduct ... intending to further voluntary exchanges that are not mutually beneficial", as they "benefit con operators ('con men' - criminals) at the expense of their victims (the 'marks')". A scam is a crime even if no money was lost.
Many Used Cars Advertised Online Don’t Really Exist
It’s the start of the car-buying season. But if you are buying a used car, buyer beware.
Fake car ads, advertising inexpensive used cars that don’t really exist, are everywhere, as one woman found out.
Put The Brakes On Phony Online Car Sales
You can buy practically anything online, including used cars. But before you shell out any hard-earned cash, here’s a warning about scammers trying to sell cars they don’t have or own.
Here’s how the scam works:
- Criminals post ads on online auction and sales websites, such as eBay Motors, for inexpensive used cars (that they don’t really own.)
- They offer to chat online, share photos, and answer questions.
- They may even tell you the sale will go through a well-known retailer’s buyer protection program.
Recently, sellers have been sending fake invoices that appear to come from eBay Motors and demanding payment in eBay gift cards. If you call the number on the invoice, the scammer pretends to work for eBay Motors. Trusting buyers have lost hundreds of thousands of dollars over the past year alone.
So how can you tell if an online car sale is fake?
You find bad reviews online. Check out the seller by searching online for the person’s name, phone number, and email address, plus words like “review,” “complaint” or “scam.”
- Sellers try to rush the sale. Resist the pressure. Scammers use high-pressure sales tactics to get you to buy without thinking things through.
- They can’t or won’t meet in person or let you inspect the car. Scammers might have an excuse, like a job transfer, military deployment, or divorce, for why you can’t see them or the car. But experts agree that you should have an independent mechanic inspect a used car before you buy it.
- They want you to pay with gift cards or by wire transfer. If anyone tells you to pay that way, it’s a scam. Every time.
- The sellers demand more money after the sale for “shipping” or “transportation” costs.
- The Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) doesn’t match the VIN for the car you’re interested in. A vehicle history report can help you spot such discrepancies.
It’s a scam so common it has a name: “the eBay Motors scam.”
- Never pay a deposit with gift cards, as they are untraceable.
- Beware cars that are priced too low, compared to similar cars of that year.
- Avoid used cars you can’t see in person, as scammers copy legitimate ads, complete with photos, actual VIN number, and CARFAX report, and repost them with their phone number.
- If you feel you MUST buy a car that is out of town, find a car inspector in that area and pay him $100 to check out the car and make sure it is real.
- Finally, be suspicious of strange reasons for such a low price, such as an owner suddenly deployed overseas, or a son or husband who recently passed away.
Want to avoid a used-car ripoff? Shop locally and do a test drive, so you don’t waste your money.
For more tips, check out ftc.gov/usedcars and Online Auction Buyers. Want to avoid the latest rip-offs? Sign up for free consumer alerts from the FTC The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is an independent agency of the United States government whose principal mission is the enforcement of civil (non-criminal) U.S. antitrust law and the promotion of consumer protection. The FTC can also act as a clearinghouse for criminal reports sent to other agencies for investigation and prosecution.
To learn more visit www.FTC.gov or to report fraud visit ReportFraud.FTC.gov at ftc.gov/subscribe. If you spot a scam, report it at ftc.gov/complaint.