(Last Updated On: September 19, 2022)

How You Think & Talk About Your ScamScam A Scam is a confidence trick - a crime -  is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their trust through deception. Scams or confidence tricks exploit victims using their credulity, naïveté, compassion, vanity, irresponsibility, or greed and exploiting that. Researchers have defined confidence tricks as "a distinctive species of fraudulent conduct ... intending to further voluntary exchanges that are not mutually beneficial", as they "benefit con operators ('con men' - criminals) at the expense of their victims (the 'marks')". A scam is a crime even if no money was lost. Affects Your Recovery

The SCARSSCARS SCARS - Society of Citizens Against Relationship Scams Inc. A government registered crime victims' assistance & crime prevention nonprofit organization based in Miami, Florida, U.S.A. SCARS supports the victims of scams worldwide and through its partners in more than 60 countries around the world. Incorporated in 2015, its team has 30 years of continuous experience educating and supporting scam victims. Visit www.AgainstScams.org to learn more about SCARS. Scam Victim Recovery Program

A SCARS Insight

Many Scam Victims Want To Desperately Cling To The Fake Relationship, Rather Than Just Let Go

For many traumatized scam victims, this is an avoidance mechanism. It helps deflect the pain by not fully accepting the situation as it is.

You hear this in what they say as well as how they describe their romance scam experience

Right after the scam, everything is very immediate and personal, and how you talk about reflects this. But in order to progress through this traumaTrauma Emotional and psychological trauma is the result of extraordinarily stressful events that shatter your sense of security, making you feel helpless in a dangerous world. Psychological trauma can leave you struggling with upsetting emotions, memories, and anxiety that won’t go away. It can also leave you feeling numb, disconnected, and unable to trust other people. Traumatic experiences often involve a threat to life or safety or other emotional shocks, but any situation that leaves you feeling overwhelmed and isolated can result in trauma, even if it doesn’t involve physical harm. It’s not the objective circumstances that determine whether an event is traumatic, but your subjective emotional experience of the event. The more frightened and helpless you feel, the more likely you are to be traumatized. Trauma requires treatment, either through counseling or therapy or through trauma-oriented support programs, such as those offered by SCARS. and pain, every victim will need to distance themself from this by changing their terminology.

We have talked about the terms used when talking about the scam before. How victims often use derogatory words to describe themselves – “I was so stupid,”  etc. It is important to stop using the wrong words and remove the self-blameSelf-Blame Victim blaming occurs when the victim of a crime or any wrongful act is held entirely or partially at fault for the harm that befell them. SCARS seeks to mitigate the prejudice against victims and the perception that victims are in any way responsible for the actions of offenders or scammers. There is historical and current prejudice against the victims of domestic violence and sex crimes, such as the greater tendency to blame victims of rape than victims of robbery. Scam victims are often blamed by family & friends for the crime. Scam victims also engage in self-blame even though they are not to blame. that comes from it. (Read more here)

In addition, there are two major areas of change that each victim must look at.

HE/SHE – No Such Thing!

Just watch the new season of National Geographic’s Trafficked series (on HULU) episode on Romance ScamsScams A Scam is a confidence trick - a crime -  is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their trust through deception. Scams or confidence tricks exploit victims using their credulity, naïveté, compassion, vanity, irresponsibility, or greed and exploiting that. Researchers have defined confidence tricks as "a distinctive species of fraudulent conduct ... intending to further voluntary exchanges that are not mutually beneficial", as they "benefit con operators ('con men' - criminals) at the expense of their victims (the 'marks')". A scam is a crime even if no money was lost. and you will see what we have been saying for a decade – scammers do not typically work alone, they form teams with specializations for each stage of the relationship scamRelationship Scam A Relationship Scam is a one-to-one criminal act that involves a trust relationship and uses deception & manipulation to get a victim to give to the criminal something of value, such as money! Click here to learn more: What Is A Relationship Scam?.

However, scam victims consistently refer to the scammers as “he” or “she” as they were indoctrinated during the scam. The reality is that there is no he or she, there is ONLY they or them! You could have been speaking with a woman or a man, and several different men.

This issue with the pronoun is actually very important because it helps to distance you from the immediacy of the scam and to make it less personal. By substituting “they” instead of he or she, it helps the change the way you think about the scam – to take off the sharp edges. It also represents a move towards more complete acceptance that this was a crime perpetrated by criminals – this was not personal, and that there was no real relationship.

Look at how you currently talk about your scam, we suspect that you are still using the he/she pronouns. If so, try hard to change to “they” and make this a permanent habit. Be watchful of how you speak and think about this.

One side benefit from this is that it will make it easier for you to tell your story, as this will help you become more detached from the fake stories you were told by the criminals and their lies.

A ScammerScammer A Scammer or Fraudster is someone that engages in deception to obtain money or achieve another objective. They are criminals that attempt to deceive a victim into sending more or performing some other activity that benefits the scammer. By Any Other Name …

We know that you developed a relationship with your scammers. For most victims, this was months of developing a relationship with a face and a name. This is less so for Pig Butchering scams, in that these tend to be shorter in duration, typically a few weeks to a couple of months.

Of course, that face was stolen, and the name was never real. You know that right?

Ironically, most recent-victims have a hard time accepting this. So much so that they often cyberstalk the real person whose photos were stolen, in the mistaken belief that they need help. But it is more than that. It is really about the fleeting hope that something might happen if you can just speak with them – just connect with the real person.

In addition, very often victims continue to refer to the criminalCriminal A criminal is any person who through a decision or act engages in a crime. This can be complicated, as many people break laws unknowingly, however, in our context, it is a person who makes a decision to engage in unlawful acts or to place themselves with others who do this. A criminal always has the ability to decide not to break the law, or if they initially engage in crime to stop doing it, but instead continues. by the name they were given during the scam, even though this was a complete fabrication.

Why is that?

It is because this is an attempt to hold onto the fake relationship. The victim is refusing to let it go. This may not be conscious, but it is what is happening.

It is understandable why this happens. In the period after the discovery of the scam and the evaporation of the fake relationship, the trauma sets in solidly, but the victim tries to avoid confrontation with reality. In other words, this is a form of denialDenial Denial is a refusal or unwillingness to accept something or to accept reality. Refusal to admit the truth or reality of something, refusal to acknowledge something unpleasant; And as a term of Psychology: denial is a defense mechanism in which confrontation with a personal problem or with reality is avoided by denying the existence of the problem or reality. and avoidance.

The problem is that continuing to focus on the name, the face, and even the pronouns helps victims cling to the illusion of that relationship. It helps to avoid acceptance that nothing was real, it was all just lies – not even the name was real.

However, every time you use that name you are keeping it fresh in your mind and reinforcing the “realness” of it. This is a representation of denial.

Remember how we said above to use only “they” or “them”? Why do you think this is so important? Can you all see how the retention, and even focus on that name defeats that? Accepting that the name is fake and just another lie is critical in moving forward, and to both your rejection of everything associated with the scam and to let it go?

Continuing to focus on the drama, including the lies told is not productive in anyone’s recovery. Using the name of the fake person is just another way that you anchor yourselves to those lies.

So, remember, there was no Bob, or Gifty, or Barbara, or Frank, or any of the over one billion fake names in use!

This is also why we say that attempting to look for scammers by name is fruitless, each scammer group has thousands of fake names, not to mention tens of thousands of fake stolen photos.

Can you accept that and reject the lies?

On To Recovery

To recover from your scam requires letting go of EVERY lie and fantasy that was part of the scam. This is a watershed moment that defines the past from the present. As long as anyone continues to retain, or cling to any of the fakery you cannot fully move forward.

This is also one of the false feelings of recovery that many victims experience in their first 6 months. As long as any of the lies still sits in your immediate thoughts you have not yet truly become a survivorSurvivor A Scam Survivor is a victim who has been able to fully accept the reality of their situation. That they were the victim of a crime and are not to blame. They are working on their emotional recovery and reduction of any trauma either on their own, through a qualified support organization, or through counseling or therapy. And has done their duty and reported the crime to their local police, national police, and on Anyscam.com, you are not yet on the path to recovery – because it is not yet truly over.

It is hard, and as this example shows, there are subtle traps new victims continue to fall into, such as staying focused on the face, the name, and the stories & drama. But being aware of your language and retention or attachment to the fake tales & lies are the clues to your progress.

Every day, take a few moments to think about how many times you referred to your scam or scammer by name – even in thought. Create a “swear jar” and put a dollar/euro/pound in it every time you do it. Or put a paper on your fridge where you can put a checkmark each time you do it. But you have to be very conscious of how much you are doing it, and you may not be.

Forget the name. Forget the face. Forget the drama and the dialog. Forget the fake plans for the future. None of it was real.

How to Stop Thinking About Someone When You Can’t Focus on Anything Else

Possible reasons why you may fail to move your thoughts from someone

1. Your brain chemically reacts to you thinking about someone

Overcoming obsession isn’t a matter of willpower so much as a matter of brain chemistry. According to expert psychotherapists, the neurotransmitter dopamine is to blameBlame Blame or Blaming is the act of censuring, holding responsible, making negative statements about an individual or group that their action or actions are socially or morally irresponsible, the opposite of praise. When someone is morally responsible for doing something wrong, their action is blameworthy. By contrast, when someone is morally responsible for doing something right, we may say that his or her action is praiseworthy. Blame imparts responsibility for an action or act, as in that they made a choice to perform that act or action. when you’re at the mercy of repetitive thoughts—because it allows you to feel pleasure and causes want and desire. This can include after a romance scam – in other words, it feels better to think about the scam’s positive moments that to face the reality. Each time you conjure a thought of the person, you get a small dopamine hit, setting the loop in motion as you want more of that feeling.

This also happens with people in your life, loved ones past and present, and those that were never real! Loving people and losing people has the same effect on the brain as drugs, When you’re fixated on a person, for positive or negative reasons, your brain is responding as though it’s being rewarded or deprived.

2. You feel regret when you think of how things ended

Sometimes, the reason you can’t stop thinking about someone is that you don’t like the way that the relationship dissolved,in other words, discovering it was all a lie! Perhaps you regret that you could not get closure (whatever that is).  Either way, you can benefit from the past relationship by internalizing that you cannot change the past and need to accept it as it is. If you have regret, you’re constantly replaying the past, trying to figure out where things went wrong, and if you get stuck in that thought cycle, it’s hard to move forward.

3. Humans are social by nature

We, humans, are social creatures, so social relationships are of the utmost importance to us. It is important for us to understand because our relationships have an imprint on our minds as well.

To put it in layman’s terms, you’ll always have memories with the person even if they’re no longer in your life, even if they were a complete fantasy and fake. If you want to stop thinking about someone, the key is to be clear on how you want to move forward. Clearly, it is not ideal to be preoccupied with anyone for too long, at least not if you want to be a functioning adult. Also, this endless cycle of thoughts can deepen your trauma by preventing the necessary healing.

How to stop thinking about someone in 8 easy steps

1. BLOCKBlock Blocking is a technical action usually on social media or messaging platforms that restricts or bans another profile from seeing or communicating with your profile. To block someone on social media, you can usually go to their profile and select it from a list of options - often labeled or identified with three dots ••• THEM

It begins by blockingBlocking Blocking is a technical action usually on social media or messaging platforms that restricts or bans another profile from seeing or communicating with your profile. To block someone on social media, you can usually go to their profile and select it from a list of options - often labeled or identified with three dots ••• the scammer and not going back – ever! Copy all of the dialogs into a file, along with the photos – since you might need them for future evidence and never go back!


Taking the first step to reasserting your control is very important. When you report the scammers, it is less about justice than it is about you accepting that you are the victim of criminals. When you truly accept that you can move forward. But continuing to think about the scammers by the fake name or stolen photos is an indication that you have not accepted this yet, and it also probably means you have not reported the crime either.


If you want to break the dopamine loop, it helps to find other ways to spark that biochemical high. The key is to choose a healthy distraction. We recommend reading a book you love, watching silly comedies (low stress), or a favorite movie. Staying mentally active offers another benefit: it keeps you rooted in the present, your brain is too busy to acknowledge the passive, ruminating thoughts, and slowly their grip begins to diminish.


It’s way too easy to fall for an unproductive train of thought and let yourself get swept away by it—especially when it involves your scam. The key is to pay attention when your mind is wandering and stop it before it veers too far off course. Every time you think of your scammer’s fake name or face acknowledge that you’re thinking of them and bring your attention to the present moment. Use your five senses to focus on things you can see, hear, smell, touch, and taste – such as food. Once you bring your thoughts to the present moment, you can also follow it up with a new, positive thought or behaviorBehavior   Behavior / Behavioral Actions Otherwise known as habits, behavior or behavioral actions are strategies to help prevent online exploitation that target behavior, such as social engineering of victims. Changing your behavior is the ONLY effective means to reduce or prevent scams.. Such as calling a friend or family member to chat or to make plans.


Putting your feelings in writing – journaling can help move the thoughts on your head onto paper, which can help alleviate rumination and can lead to a growing understanding of self. While it will keep you focused on the scammer and the scam while you are writing, afterward it will make it much easier to put it behind you.


If you’ve tried all of the above and you still can’t figure out how to stop thinking about your scammer, it’s time to get help from your counselor or therapist. Talking to a professional, who is trained to respond with unbiased thoughts about your trauma and situation and are there to help you help yourself can also be very helpful.

If you do not yet have a trauma counselor or therapist here are two directories that you can use to find someone around the world:

  • www.opencounseling.com – free or low cost counselingCounseling Counseling is the professional guidance of the individual by utilizing psychological methods especially in collecting case history data, using various techniques of the personal interview, and testing interests and aptitudes. A mental health counselor (MHC), or counselor, is a person who works with individuals and groups to promote optimum mental and emotional health. Such persons may help individuals deal with issues associated with addiction and substance abuse; family, parenting, and marital problems; stress management; self-esteem; and aging. They may also work with "Social Workers", "Psychiatrists", and "Psychologists". SCARS does not provide mental health counseling.
  • www.psychologytoday.com/us/therapists/trauma-and-ptsd – professional trauma counselors


A big part of shifting your perspective is practicing radical acceptance, which is the equivalent of accepting that things have ended and that they ended the way they ended—regardless of how undesirable you found that outcome,

When you can radically accept what happened, you can take it as an opportunity to learn and grow. Your goal shifts from trying to figure out what went wrong—which is a goal that can never be met, to figuring out how to never let it happen again. Radical acceptance takes you out of the “what went wrong” loop and can lead to significant self-growth because gives you an opportunity to learn from your mistakes.


If thoughts of that person-who-shall-not-be-named still creep into your head, despite your best efforts, try not to beat yourself up over it. There is a catch-22 here—if you fixate on trying not to fixate, then you are fixating on fixating. Do not catastrophize your fixation, instead, focus on self-compassion by doing things that make you feel good. Whatever it may be, help yourself by loving yourself.

The present is real.
Live in the present.
Let go!

How do you think you are doing – what are you still clinging to? How are you still clinging to your scam? Leave us a comment below?

Portions from WELL+GOOD, we thank them for their work!

Essential Tools For Every Scam Victim From SCARS Publishing

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Each is based on our SCARS Team’s 31 plus years of experience.

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SCARS GREN BOOK - The SCARS STEPS Guide to Scam Victim Recovery

Self-Help Self-Paced Recovery Program Guide


This program is designed to help scam victims struggling to recover on their own and for those who want to understand the overall process. You can be using other resources, such as trauma counseling or therapy, qualified support groupsSupport Groups In a support group, members provide each other with various types of help, usually nonprofessional and nonmaterial, for a particular shared, usually burdensome, characteristic, such as romance scams. Members with the same issues can come together for sharing coping strategies, to feel more empowered and for a sense of community. The help may take the form of providing and evaluating relevant information, relating personal experiences, listening to and accepting others' experiences, providing sympathetic understanding and establishing social networks. A support group may also work to inform the public or engage in advocacy. They can be supervised or not. SCARS support groups are moderated by the SCARS Team and or volunteers., or completely independent – on your own!

The SCARS Steps program is a complete program and is provided for the purpose of helping scam victims to overcome this experience. Throughout this SCARS Steps Program, we speak about issues and challenges that a victim may have and help guide them through their recovery. But each person is different and it is important to understand your own reasons for being vulnerable to being scammed.

After the trauma of being scammed, you need to take steps to recover and move on. This may be an alternative to counseling in the short term, but we still encourage you to seek out professional help & support. Throughout this SCARS Steps Program, we speak about issues, challenges, defects, or problems that a victim may have in a generalized way.

The SCARS GREEN BOOK will help you recover from your scam offline and it will always be there when you need it!

Get it here

SCARS SLATE BOOK - A Guide For Families & Friends Of Scam Victims

SCARS SLATE BOOK – Let Us Explain What Happened!

A Guide For Families & Friends Of Scam Victims


This SCARS Publishing book represents a complete guide to help the families and friends understand how these scams work and how to help the victim.

The SCARS Slate Book should be purchased by family and friends to better understand what happened to the victim and the traumatic impact on them. But it can also be shared by the victim so that they do not have to explain to family and friends about the scam. This publication is to help others to help Scam Victims to make it through this traumatic experience and recover.

Each person is different and it is important to understand how relationship scamsRelationship Scam A Relationship Scam is a one-to-one criminal act that involves a trust relationship and uses deception & manipulation to get a victim to give to the criminal something of value, such as money! Click here to learn more: What Is A Relationship Scam? work and why people are vulnerable; to being scammed, how they were lured in, then groomed and manipulated. This understanding is essential in helping them through the process of ending the scam and then on to recovery. The SCARS Slate Book will provide the information necessary to help support a victim through this process.

Get it here

SCARS RED BOOK - Your Personal Scam Evidence & Crime Record Organizer

Your Personal Scam Evidence & Crime Record Organizer


Helps you get and stay organized. This publication is to help Scam Victims organize their crime information. Complete this information before reporting to the police then bring this book with you

Before or after reporting to the police the RED BOOK gives you a dedicated tool to record all the essential facts of this crime. The Victim, the Scammers, the Money, and your Police interactions. Everything that really matters can be easily recorded for your immediate use and for the future!

As we have seen, money recovery/repayment programs can become available years after the scam ends and you need to keep all the details of this crime in case it is needed. We have also seen scammers being extradited to the U.S. and other countries, this will help in the event you testify or give statements, Additionally, this helps you have your information ready to qualify for victims’ benefits, compensation, or aid.

The Official SCARS RED BOOK is your way of recording all the important facts of this crime so that you do not lose essential information, Complete the RED BOOK then put it away with the confidence that you will have it if or when it is needed.

Get it here

SCARS BLUE BOOK - Survivor's Recovery Journal
SCARS LIME BOOK - Wisdom & Motivation for Scam Victims
SCARS CHERRY BOOK - A Guide To Understanding Your Fear
SCARS WORKBOOK - 8 Steps To Improvement
SCARS WORKBOOK - Understanding Self-Blame, Guilt, and Shame
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Always Report All Scams – Anywhere In The World To:

U.S. FTCFTC The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is an independent agency of the United States government whose principal mission is the enforcement of civil (non-criminal) U.S. antitrust law and the promotion of consumer protection. The FTC can also act as a clearinghouse for criminal reports sent to other agencies for investigation and prosecution. To learn more visit www.FTC.gov or to report fraud visit ReportFraud.FTC.gov at https://reportfraud.ftc.gov/#/?orgcode=SCARS and SCARS at www.Anyscams.com