Doxware Is A New Evolution In Cyber-Extortion
With The Same Goal In Mind As Sextortion, Doxware Steals Documents And Photos For The Purpose Of Extortion, But Unlike Sextortion It Uses Malware.
Doxware is a type of malware that threatens to publish a victim’s private information online unless a ransomRansom A ransom is an amount of money or other assets of value that is paid for blackmail, extortion, or under other threats or coercion. The ransom is usually paid in cash or now in cryptocurrency. Online blackmail, sextortion, and ransomware all demand ransoms to avoid negative outcomes. is paid. It’s also known as “leakware” or “extortionware.” Unlike traditional ransomware that encrypts a victim’s data, doxware steals sensitive information and threatens to publicly release it if the victim does not pay the ransom.
Doxware can be used in a variety of cyberattacks, including phishing emails, social engineeringSocial Engineering Social engineering is the psychological manipulation of people into performing actions or divulging confidential information. It is used as a type of confidence trick for the purpose of information gathering, fraud, or system access, it differs from a traditional "con" in that it is often one of many steps in a more complex fraud scheme. It has also been defined as "any act that influences a person to take any action that may or may not be in their best interests.", and drive-by downloads. Once the malware is installed on a victim’s device, it can gather personal information such as login credentials, financial information, and sensitive files. The attacker can then threaten to publicly release this information unless the victim pays the ransom demand.
One of the reasons why doxware is a growing concern is that it can have severe consequences for both individuals and organizations. Publicly releasing sensitive information can damage a victim’s reputation, harm their personal and professional relationships, and even lead to financial ruin. For businesses, doxware attacks can result in the loss of sensitive data, regulatory fines, and damage to their brand reputation.
Moreover, doxware attacks are often difficult to defend against since attackers can use a range of techniques to infiltrate a victim’s device or network. Prevention techniques include implementing strong password policies, using two-factor authentication, regularly backing up important data, and training employees to identify and avoid phishing scams.
In short, doxware is a type of malware that poses a significant threat to individuals and organizations alike. It is essential to be aware of the risks and take steps to protect personal and sensitive information to avoid falling victim to these types of attacks.
How Does A User Become Infected With Doxware?
A user can become infected with doxware through a variety of methods, including:
- Email phishing: Doxware attackers may use phishing emails to trick users into downloading and installing malware. The emails may contain a link or an attachment that, when clicked or opened, installs the malware on the user’s device.
- Malicious downloads: Doxware can be hidden in software downloads or updates that users may download from untrusted or fake websites. For instance, attackers may trick users into downloading fake updates for their system software or web browser, which includes doxware.
- Drive-by downloads: Doxware can be silently downloaded onto a user’s device when they visit a compromised website. In some cases, the malware can infect a user’s device without their knowledge or consent.
- Social engineering: Attackers may use social engineering tactics to trick users into installing doxware. For instance, they may pose as a tech support agent or a friend, and ask the user to download and install software that is actually doxware.
Once doxware infects a user’s device, it can scan the device for sensitive information, such as personal data, login credentials, financial information, and files. The attackers can then threaten to publish the information unless the user pays the ransom.
After You Are Infected And Being Extorted
What is the best way to deal with a doxware infection and the demand for money that always follows it?
If you are a victim of doxware, it is essential to take action quickly and carefully to minimize the damage and protect your sensitive information.
Here are steps you can take:
- Disconnect the infected device from the internet and any other networks immediately. This will prevent the doxware from communicating with the attacker’s server and minimize the risk of further data theft.
- Do not pay the ransom. Paying the ransom does not guarantee that the attacker will delete or not release your data. Additionally, it encourages attackers to continue targeting victims. Plus, it is no illegal in some jurisdictions to pay cyber-ransomsRansom A ransom is an amount of money or other assets of value that is paid for blackmail, extortion, or under other threats or coercion. The ransom is usually paid in cash or now in cryptocurrency. Online blackmail, sextortion, and ransomware all demand ransoms to avoid negative outcomes..
- Contact law enforcement and report the incident. This will help to identify the attacker and potentially prevent them from targeting other victims. In this case, you would contact the FBIFBI FBI - Federal Bureau of Investigation The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is the domestic intelligence and security service of the United States and its principal federal law enforcement agency. Operating under the jurisdiction of the United States Department of Justice, the FBI is also a member of the U.S. Intelligence Community and reports to both the Attorney General and the Director of National Intelligence. A leading U.S. counter-terrorism, counterintelligence, and criminal investigative organization, the FBI has jurisdiction over violations of more than 200 categories of federal crimes, including financial fraud. or your national cybercrimeCybercrime Cybercrime is a crime related to technology, computers, and the Internet. Typical cybercrime are performed by a computer against a computer, or by a hacker using software to attack computers or networks. police unit for help.
- Seek help from a professional cybersecurity expert or IT team. They can help you assess the extent of the infection, remove the doxware, and attempt the recover any lost data.
- Monitor your credit reports, and bank and financial statements. Check for any suspicious activity and report any unauthorized transactions immediately.
- Change your passwords immediately and enable two-factor authentication on all your accounts to prevent further attacks.
In summary, the best way to deal with a doxware infection is to disconnect the device from the internet, avoid paying the ransom, report the incident to law enforcement, seek professional help, monitor your credit reports and bank statements, and take steps to prevent future attacks.
Best Ways To Avoid It
Here are some best practices to avoid becoming infected with doxware:
- Keep your software and operating system up to date: Make sure you regularly update your software and operating system to the latest version. These updates often contain security patches that can help protect your device from doxware and other malware.
- Be cautious of email phishing scams: Be wary of suspicious emails, especially those that contain links or attachments. Verify the sender’s identity and avoid clicking on links or downloading attachments from unknown sources.
- Use strong passwords and two-factor authentication: Use unique and complex passwords for your accounts and enable two-factor authentication wherever possible. This can help prevent unauthorized access to your accounts and minimize the risk of a doxware attack.
- Use reputable antivirus and anti-malware software: Install reliable antivirus and anti-malware software on your devices and keep them up to date. These programs can help detect and remove doxware and other malware. SCARS uses Malwarebytes
- Use caution when downloading software: Only download software from reputable sources and avoid downloading software from unknown or suspicious websites.
- Backup your data regularly: Regularly backup your important data to an external drive or cloud storage. This can help you recover your data in case of a doxware or ransomware or malware attack or any other type of data loss.
By following these best practices, you can significantly reduce the risk of an infection and protect your sensitive information.
Therefore, it is important to be cautious when downloading software or clicking on links, regularly update software and operating systems and use reliable antivirus and anti-malware software to prevent malware infections.
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Our managed peer supportPeer support Peer support occurs when people provide knowledge, experience, emotional, social or practical help to each other. It commonly refers to an initiative consisting of trained supporters and can take a number of forms such as peer mentoring, reflective listening (reflecting content and/or feelings), or in a support group. Peer support is also used to refer to initiatives where colleagues, members of self-help organizations and others meet, in person or online, to give each other connection and support on a reciprocal basis. Peer support is distinct from other forms of social support in that the source of support is a peer, a person who is similar in fundamental ways to the recipient of the support; their relationship is one of equality. A peer is in a position to offer support by virtue of relevant experience: he or she has "been there, done that" and can relate to others who are now in a similar situation. Trained peer support workers such as SCARS Volunteers receive special training and may be required to obtain Continuing Education Units, similar to clinical staff. Some other trained peer support workers may also be law-enforcement personnel and firefighters as well as emergency medical responders. groups allow victims to talk to other survivorsSurvivor A Scam Survivor is a victim who has been able to fully accept the reality of their situation. That they were the victim of a crime and are not to blame. They are working on their emotional recovery and reduction of any trauma either on their own, through a qualified support organization, or through counseling or therapy. And has done their duty and reported the crime to their local police, national police, and on Anyscam.com and recover in the most experienced environment possible, for as long as they need. Recovery takes as long as it takes – we put no limits on our support!
SCARS is the most trusted support & education provider in the world. Our team is certified in trauma-informedTrauma-Informed Trauma-informed care shifts the focus from “What’s wrong with you?” to “What happened to you?” A trauma-informed approach to care acknowledges that health care needs to have a complete picture of a patient’s life situation — past and present — in order to provide effective care services with a healing orientation. Adopting trauma-informed practices can potentially improve patient engagement, treatment adherence, and health outcomes. care, grief counselingCounseling Counseling is the professional guidance of the individual by utilizing psychological methods especially in collecting case history data, using various techniques of the personal interview, and testing interests and aptitudes. A mental health counselor (MHC), or counselor, is a person who works with individuals and groups to promote optimum mental and emotional health. Such persons may help individuals deal with issues associated with addiction and substance abuse; family, parenting, and marital problems; stress management; self-esteem; and aging. They may also work with "Social Workers", "Psychiatrists", and "Psychologists". SCARS does not provide mental health counseling., and so much more!
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We also offer separate support groupsSupport Groups In a support group, members provide each other with various types of help, usually nonprofessional and nonmaterial, for a particular shared, usually burdensome, characteristic, such as romance scams. Members with the same issues can come together for sharing coping strategies, to feel more empowered and for a sense of community. The help may take the form of providing and evaluating relevant information, relating personal experiences, listening to and accepting others' experiences, providing sympathetic understanding and establishing social networks. A support group may also work to inform the public or engage in advocacy. They can be supervised or not. SCARS support groups are moderated by the SCARS Team and or volunteers. for family & friends too.
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SCARS GREEN BOOK
Self-Help Self-Paced Recovery Program Guide
LEARN HOW TO RECOVER ON YOUR OWN
This program is designed to help scamScam A Scam is a confidence trick - a crime - is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their trust through deception. Scams or confidence tricks exploit victims using their credulity, naïveté, compassion, vanity, irresponsibility, or greed and exploiting that. Researchers have defined confidence tricks as "a distinctive species of fraudulent conduct ... intending to further voluntary exchanges that are not mutually beneficial", as they "benefit con operators ('con men' - criminals) at the expense of their victims (the 'marks')". A scam is a crime even if no money was lost. victims struggling to recover on their own and for those who want to understand the overall process. You can be using other resources, such as traumaTrauma Emotional and psychological trauma is the result of extraordinarily stressful events that shatter your sense of security, making you feel helpless in a dangerous world. Psychological trauma can leave you struggling with upsetting emotions, memories, and anxiety that won’t go away. It can also leave you feeling numb, disconnected, and unable to trust other people. Traumatic experiences often involve a threat to life or safety or other emotional shocks, but any situation that leaves you feeling overwhelmed and isolated can result in trauma, even if it doesn’t involve physical harm. It’s not the objective circumstances that determine whether an event is traumatic, but your subjective emotional experience of the event. The more frightened and helpless you feel, the more likely you are to be traumatized. Trauma requires treatment, either through counseling or therapy or through trauma-oriented support programs, such as those offered by SCARS. counseling or therapy, qualified support groups, or completely independent – on your own!
The SCARS Steps program is a complete program and is provided for the purpose of helping scam victims to overcome this experience. Throughout this SCARS Steps Program, we speak about issues and challenges that a victim may have and help guide them through their recovery. But each person is different and it is important to understand your own reasons for being vulnerable to being scammed.
After the trauma of being scammed, you need to take steps to recover and move on. This may be an alternative to counseling in the short term, but we still encourage you to seek out professional help & support. Throughout this SCARS Steps Program, we speak about issues, challenges, defects, or problems that a victim may have in a generalized way.
The SCARS GREEN BOOK will help you recover from your scam offline and it will always be there when you need it!
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A Guide For Families & Friends Of Scam Victims
HOW TO HELP ROMANCE SCAM VICTIMS FOR FAMILIES & FRIENDS OF SCAM VICTIMS
This SCARS Publishing book represents a complete guide to help the families and friends understand how these scams work and how to help the victim.
The SCARS Slate Book should be purchased by family and friends to better understand what happened to the victim and the traumatic impact on them. But it can also be shared by the victim so that they do not have to explain to family and friends about the scam. This publication is to help others to help Scam Victims to make it through this traumatic experience and recover.
Each person is different and it is important to understand how relationship scamsRelationship Scam A Relationship Scam is a one-to-one criminal act that involves a trust relationship and uses deception & manipulation to get a victim to give to the criminal something of value, such as money! Click here to learn more: What Is A Relationship Scam? work and why people are vulnerable; to being scammed, how they were lured in, then groomed and manipulated. This understanding is essential in helping them through the process of ending the scam and then on to recovery. The SCARS Slate Book will provide the information necessary to help support a victim through this process.
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Helps you get and stay organized. This publication is to help Scam Victims organize their crime information. Complete this information before reporting to the police then bring this book with you
Before or after reporting to the police the RED BOOK gives you a dedicated tool to record all the essential facts of this crime. The Victim, the Scammers, the Money, and your Police interactions. Everything that really matters can be easily recorded for your immediate use and for the future!
As we have seen, money recovery/repayment programs can become available years after the scam ends and you need to keep all the details of this crime in case it is needed. We have also seen scammers being extradited to the U.S. and other countries, this will help in the event you testify or give statements, Additionally, this helps you have your information ready to qualify for victims’ benefits, compensation, or aid.
The Official SCARS RED BOOK is your way of recording all the important facts of this crime so that you do not lose essential information, Complete the RED BOOK then put it away with the confidence that you will have it if or when it is needed.
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