Last Updated on by SCARS Editorial Team

RSN™ Guide: Real Scammers

How Can You Judge If A Real Person In Africa Is A ScammerScammer A Scammer or Fraudster is someone that engages in deception to obtain money or achieve another objective. They are criminals that attempt to deceive a victim into sending more or performing some other activity that benefits the scammer.?

When you see a real person’s profile, who is from Africa, how can you tell they are a scammer?

Will they have “Scammer” written across their forehead?

Sometimes It Is Easy

You see photos of their loot (money) and see posts they have written about scamming. They claim they are “Yahoo” or “Sakawa,” or are even part of a gangGang A gang is normally a group or society of associated criminals with a defined leadership and internal organization that identifies with or claims control over a territory or business practice in a community and engages, either individually or collectively, in illegal, and possibly violent, behavior. Online gangs are not limited by territory and may operate side by side with other gangs while engaging in crime online. Some members of criminal gangs are initiated (by going through a process of initiation), or have to prove their loyalty and right to belong by committing certain acts, usually theft or violence, or rituals. Gangs are usually rougher and more visible than scammer cartels, and more often arrested..

Sometimes Not

It requires more investigation or collateral proof.

The Types Of Scammers

What is a Professional (CartelCartel A scamming cartel is any criminal organization with the intention of engaging in larger-scale financial fraud operations. They range from loosely managed agreements among various scammer gangs to formalized commercial enterprises. The term was applied when the largest scammer gangs organizations reached a size and scope of a major enterprise, including control of corrupt politicians and local officials. In truth, most scammer cartels do not exactly meet the definition of a cartel, but the term stuck and it is now popularly used to refer to any large criminal fraud organization.)  Scammer?

  • A professional scammer works for a larger organization, not a gang
  • They speak better and write better – proper spelling and grammar
  • They are better trained and more experienced at manipulation
  • They understand the language and terms of the business or military they are claiming to be in
  • They have a more complete or comprehensive profile
  • They will rarely talk on the phone, and never on video chat
  • These base their scamScam A Scam is a confidence trick - a crime -  is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their trust through deception. Scams or confidence tricks exploit victims using their credulity, naïveté, compassion, vanity, irresponsibility, or greed and exploiting that. Researchers have defined confidence tricks as "a distinctive species of fraudulent conduct ... intending to further voluntary exchanges that are not mutually beneficial", as they "benefit con operators ('con men' - criminals) at the expense of their victims (the 'marks')". A scam is a crime even if no money was lost. on business opportunities where they can gain far more money
  • They mostly target people of means with larger rewards
  • Work in seamless, well-coordinated teams
  • Tend to work long cons – scamsScams A Scam is a confidence trick - a crime -  is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their trust through deception. Scams or confidence tricks exploit victims using their credulity, naïveté, compassion, vanity, irresponsibility, or greed and exploiting that. Researchers have defined confidence tricks as "a distinctive species of fraudulent conduct ... intending to further voluntary exchanges that are not mutually beneficial", as they "benefit con operators ('con men' - criminals) at the expense of their victims (the 'marks')". A scam is a crime even if no money was lost. that can last years

What is a Gang Scammer?

  • They work in a smaller gang of scammers
  • Their language and grammar are poor
  • They use shortcuts to avoid making mistakes – never or rarely use the victim’s name
  • Rarely get on the phone
  • Use recorded videos on video chat – the microphone is always broken
  • Are sloppy in the setup of their profiles – errors
  • The content of profiles is random and poorly thought out
  • They have little time to spend with individual victims – churn victims that will not pay quickly
  • Work in poorly coordinated teams
  • Tend to work in shorter cons – lasting weeks or a few months – get in and out

What are Individual Scammers?

There are two types of Individual Scammers:

  1. Real People
  2. Rogue Scammers

Real People Scammers

  • In many countries Real People Scam. You find this is Asia and Latin America mostly, but in Africa too. These are real people that develop a relationship with the victim, and everything about them is real, except for one crucial detail: they are married or have a significant other (boyfriend or girlfriend).
  • They are scamming to make a living, take care of their families, or just enjoy life. They will be completely real, except about their feelings for the victims. They may like, may even feel love for the victim, but they have no intention of leaving their connection at home. It is just a scam.
  • These are also the dominant type of Russian and Ukrainian scammers, except that they do work for companies that organize and promote these. Whereas typically in Asia and Latin America these are truly just individuals.
  • These are not to be confused with real local Con Artists in your own country.

Rogue Scammers

  • These are individual scammers who are using fake or real identities but working completely on their own. They are mostly using fake stories about themselves.
  • In many cases, they were fired by an organization or left a gang. In some cases, they even left their own country to flee the risks of the group they were a part of.
  • Rogue and small gang scammers are the ones that typically get arrested too, since they lack the protection that larger groups have that buy safety from the local police.

How To Detect Is A Real Person Is Scamming?

The most reliable way if simply if they ask for money.

The problem is how do you tell the difference between a real person in need and person scamming you?

If you think you know the true identity of a real person that you consider that you are in a relationship with, and they are now asking you for money, we recommend the following steps:

  • Have video calls with them and their family and ask critical qualifying questions and watch the reactions of the people in their family – especially children if you are able to talk to them.
  • Get real photos of them in their real lives – work, family, etc.
  • Ask them for their real identification documents – have them take a photo using their phone – they should be able to send it within a few short minutes of your request – this at least should give you their real identity and it should match the online profiles you see.
  • Hire a local investigator to determine the relationship status of the person. This should not cost more than a couple of hundred Dollars or Euros for most of these countries. You can get the contact information for your country’s embassy in their country, as ask them for help locating a private investigator – the Commercial Attaches should have local business directories at hand – or you can simply use the internet to look for local investigators.
  • Use the VISA Process. Another means to verify a real person is have them go through the application process for a Visa to your country. You should be able to obtain the form for them online. Have them fill it in and ask them to take photos so you can review it beforehand. A scammer in unlikely to go through this with false information.

There is another problem with all of this though. None of this protects you against Marriage