Last Updated on by SCARS Editorial Team

RSN™ Guide: Email Phishing ScamsScams A Scam is a confidence trick - a crime -  is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their trust through deception. Scams or confidence tricks exploit victims using their credulity, naïveté, compassion, vanity, irresponsibility, or greed and exploiting that. Researchers have defined confidence tricks as "a distinctive species of fraudulent conduct ... intending to further voluntary exchanges that are not mutually beneficial", as they "benefit con operators ('con men' - criminals) at the expense of their victims (the 'marks')". A scam is a crime even if no money was lost.

Email scams, also called phishing scams, are when a cyber scammerScammer A Scammer or Fraudster is someone that engages in deception to obtain money or achieve another objective. They are criminals that attempt to deceive a victim into sending more or performing some other activity that benefits the scammer. contacts you out of the blue and tries to tricks you into clicking a dangerous link or filling in your personal information or bank details.

Portions from Which.co.uk (copyrights acknowledged)

What Is A Phishing ScamPhishing scam Scammers often use email "phishing" to hook unsuspecting fraud victims. Treat all unsolicited email and spam as suspicious: Do not open or reply. To avoid loading malicious software onto your computer or device, never click a link – even from a trusted source – unless you've verified its authenticity. Be especially wary of emails asking for emergency funds or help from friends, family and colleagues. Their email accounts may have been hacked. Scammers will also pretend to be government agencies in scam emails.?

Phishing is when a cybercriminal contacts you out of the blue (usually by email) and convinces you to hand over your personal information or money.

Email that gets you to download a virusVirus A computer program that can replicate itself and spread from computer to computer or file to file. It comes to life only when you take a specific action, such as running a particular program. that infects your computer is NOT a phishing scam – that is MALWAREMalware Short for "malicious software," this term means computer viruses and other types of programs that cybercriminals use to disrupt or access your computer, typically with the aim of gathering sensitive files and accounts.

Phishing is a play on the word ‘fishing’ and usually happens over email, but can also happen through texts, social media, websites, or phone calls

Examples Of Email Scams Include:

  • An email message saying you’ll be entered into a free prize draw if you enter your information
  • An email message pretending to be from the IRSIRS The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) is the revenue & tax service of the United States federal government responsible for collecting taxes and administering the Internal Revenue Code (the main body of federal statutory tax law.) It is part of the Department of the Treasury and led by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, who is appointed to a five-year term by the President of the United States. The duties of the IRS include providing tax assistance to taxpayers; pursuing and resolving instances of erroneous or fraudulent tax filings; and overseeing various benefits programs. Visit www.IRS.gov to learn more. or HMRC telling you that you have a tax rebate, or that you owe tax
  • An email message pretending to be from your bank or a popular retailer claiming there’s been strange activity on your account which requires you to re-enter your personal details

If you suspect an email might be from a scammer do not click on any links or download any attachments in the scamScam A Scam is a confidence trick - a crime -  is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their trust through deception. Scams or confidence tricks exploit victims using their credulity, naïveté, compassion, vanity, irresponsibility, or greed and exploiting that. Researchers have defined confidence tricks as "a distinctive species of fraudulent conduct ... intending to further voluntary exchanges that are not mutually beneficial", as they "benefit con operators ('con men' - criminals) at the expense of their victims (the 'marks')". A scam is a crime even if no money was lost. email as these may download a computer virus onto your computer. Nothing in the email is believable – do not trust a word it says!

6 Ways To Spot An Internet Scam - from Which.co.uk

6 Ways To Spot An Internet Scam – from Which.co.uk

WARNING: Computer viruses can find their way onto your computer by scammers tricking you into installing them. For example, ransomwareRan