SCARSSCARS SCARS - Society of Citizens Against Relationship Scams Inc. A government registered crime victims' assistance & crime prevention nonprofit organization based in Miami, Florida, U.S.A. SCARS supports the victims of scams worldwide and through its partners in more than 60 countries around the world. Incorporated in 2015, its team has 30 years of continuous experience educating and supporting scam victims. Visit www.AgainstScams.org to learn more about SCARS.|ANALYTICS™ : New Study Finds Victims Not Reporting
A new SCARS|ANALYTICS Study finds that Anti-ScamScam A Scam is a confidence trick - a crime - is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their trust through deception. Scams or confidence tricks exploit victims using their credulity, naïveté, compassion, vanity, irresponsibility, or greed and exploiting that. Researchers have defined confidence tricks as "a distinctive species of fraudulent conduct ... intending to further voluntary exchanges that are not mutually beneficial", as they "benefit con operators ('con men' - criminals) at the expense of their victims (the 'marks')". A scam is a crime even if no money was lost. Groups that post photos are convincing victims that reporting to police is not necessary!
SCARS|ANALYTICS Victim Reporting Study 2019
A study conducted by SCARS|ANALYTICS division over a 5 month period during 2019 of 9,263 scam victims shows surprising results.
As we all know, reporting crimes to the police and national police (FBIFBI FBI - Federal Bureau of Investigation The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is the domestic intelligence and security service of the United States and its principal federal law enforcement agency. Operating under the jurisdiction of the United States Department of Justice, the FBI is also a member of the U.S. Intelligence Community and reports to both the Attorney General and the Director of National Intelligence. A leading U.S. counter-terrorism, counterintelligence, and criminal investigative organization, the FBI has jurisdiction over violations of more than 200 categories of federal crimes, including financial fraud.) is critical in helping government fully understand the scope of these crimes. Understanding helps government allocate resources and prioritize enforcement. This helps identify gaps in laws, treaties, and enforcement that can be corrected to enhance global and local policeLocal Police The Local Police is your first responder in most countries. In most English-speaking countries and in Europe report to them first. In other countries look for your national cybercrime police units to report scams to. In the U.S., Canada, & Australia, you must report to the local police first. actions to reduce or stop crime.
Yet with the continued expansion of “one person” or small amateur scammerScammer A Scammer or Fraudster is someone that engages in deception to obtain money or achieve another objective. They are criminals that attempt to deceive a victim into sending more or performing some other activity that benefits the scammer. photo posting “groups” pretending to be real organizations, victims are becoming more confused than ever according to data collected and compiled by SCARS.
This suggests that most so-called “anti-scam” groups are committing fraudFraud In law, fraud is intentional deception to secure unfair or unlawful gain (money or other assets), or to deprive a victim of a legal right. Fraud can violate civil law (e.g., a fraud victim may sue the fraud perpetrator to avoid the fraud or recover monetary compensation) or criminal law (e.g., a fraud perpetrator may be prosecuted and imprisoned by governmental authorities), or it may cause no loss of money, property, or legal right but still be an element of another civil or criminal wrong. The purpose of fraud may be monetary gain or other benefits, for example by obtaining a passport, travel document, or driver's license, or mortgage fraud, where the perpetrator may attempt to qualify for a mortgage by way of false statements. A fraud can also be a hoax, which is a distinct concept that involves deliberate deception without the intention of gain or of materially damaging or depriving a victim. by misleading victims into believing that they perform services they do not, have expertise they do not, and have accomplishments they do not.
SUMMARY OF STUDY RESULTS:
Relating To Reporting & Law Enforcement
- 81% of victims believe that photo posting Amateure “anti-scam” groups are all that is needed to report scamsScams A Scam is a confidence trick - a crime - is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their trust through deception. Scams or confidence tricks exploit victims using their credulity, naïveté, compassion, vanity, irresponsibility, or greed and exploiting that. Researchers have defined confidence tricks as "a distinctive species of fraudulent conduct ... intending to further voluntary exchanges that are not mutually beneficial", as they "benefit con operators ('con men' - criminals) at the expense of their victims (the 'marks')". A scam is a crime even if no money was lost. & scammers
- 72% of victims believe that photo posting “groups” investigate and “hunt-down” scammers resulting in arrests
- 56% of victims believe that amateur “anti-scam” groups are “Professionals” with experience in law enforcement
- 89% of victims believe that “exposing” scammers by posting photos is important to stop the spread of scamming online
- 98% of victims believe that posting the photo of a scammer helps stop the scammers – meaning stops them from scamming more victims
- 43% of victims believe that amateur/pretender “anti-scam groups” travel to Africa to identify scammers
Relating To Other Aspects of Pretender Anti-Scam Groups
- 60% of victims believe that amateur/pretender groups they frequent are nonprofit organizations (about 18% of amateur anti-scam groups falsely state they are)
- 71% of victims believe amateur “anti-scam” groups provide “counselingCounseling Counseling is the professional guidance of the individual by utilizing psychological methods especially in collecting case history data, using various techniques of the personal interview, and testing interests and aptitudes. A mental health counselor (MHC), or counselor, is a person who works with individuals and groups to promote optimum mental and emotional health. Such persons may help individuals deal with issues associated with addiction and substance abuse; family, parenting, and marital problems; stress management; self-esteem; and aging. They may also work with "Social Workers", "Psychiatrists", and "Psychologists". SCARS does not provide mental health counseling.” for victims
- 88% of victims believe that amateur “anti-scam” groups have a history of success
As a result of these mistaken or false beliefs, it means that most scammers are not engaged in activities that actually do help reduce scamming.
Worse, it dramatically reduces reporting of scam crimes to law enforcement – allowing unlimited expansion of scamming worldwide.
- Only 3% of victims say they have reported their scam to their police, FBI or National Police – this appears to be down by 2% from 2017
- FBI and other government entities show increases in reporting – this is resulting from increased awareness of where to report for those victims that actually do report. This has resulted in an increase of 215% increase in reporting to the FBI – whereas previously victims would have only reported to Western Union or other financial institution alone.
- Even with the increase in reporting to the FBI (or other government agency) – fewer victims are indicating that they are reporting. 97% now say they are not reporting to the police or government.
In addition, the study confirmed long-help victim expectations:
- 67% of victims believe that after reporting cybercrimeCybercrime Cybercrime is a crime related to technology, computers, and the Internet. Typical cybercrime are performed by a computer against a computer, or by a hacker using software to attack computers or networks. to their local police that the local police will “investigate” the crime and arrest a cybercriminal in another country
- 32% of victims believe that reporting is a waste of time and that government does “not care” about scam victims
- 81% of victims believe the situation is getting worse
- 92% of victims do not know how many scammers are being arrested per year
We believe that the conclusions of this study are clear.
With the increase (in fact explosion) of amateur anti-scam groups on the webs and social media, it is creating a false narrative that these groups are addressing the law enforcement role in inhibiting cybercrime. That they are explicitly convincing victims that “exposing” scammers will stop scamming worldwide, and that these groups are playing an active role in direct enforcement.
Additionally, this study hints that many of these amateur groups are delivering unlawful mental healthMental health Mental health, defined by the World Health Organization (WHO), is "a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community". According to WHO, mental health includes "subjective well-being, perceived self-efficacy, autonomy, competence, intergenerational dependence, and self-actualization of one's intellectual and emotional potential, among others". From the perspectives of positive psychology or of holism, mental health may include an individual's ability to enjoy life and to create a balance between life activities and efforts to achieve psychological resilience. Cultural differences, subjective assessments, and competing professional theories all affect how one defines "mental health". services directly to scam victims in the form of counseling – especially one-to-one counseling via chats and messenger. Which is taking place outside of the supervision of occupational licensing bodies, and the regulation of medical review boards around the world.
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Always report scams involving money lost or where you received money to:
- Local Police – ask them to take an “informational” police report – say you need it for your insurance
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