ScamsScams A Scam is a confidence trick - a crime - is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their trust through deception. Scams or confidence tricks exploit victims using their credulity, naïveté, compassion, vanity, irresponsibility, or greed and exploiting that. Researchers have defined confidence tricks as "a distinctive species of fraudulent conduct ... intending to further voluntary exchanges that are not mutually beneficial", as they "benefit con operators ('con men' - criminals) at the expense of their victims (the 'marks')". A scam is a crime even if no money was lost. Targeting College and Graduate Students
Students Are Losing Their Tuitions & Savings For Their Education
A SCARSSCARS SCARS - Society of Citizens Against Relationship Scams Inc. A government registered crime victims' assistance & crime prevention nonprofit organization based in Miami, Florida, U.S.A. SCARS supports the victims of scams worldwide and through its partners in more than 60 countries around the world. Incorporated in 2015, its team has 30 years of continuous experience educating and supporting scam victims. Visit www.AgainstScams.org to learn more about SCARS. Insight
Student-Targetted Scams Steal Billions From Young Adults And Their Family
Watch Out For Any Social Media Advertising Or People That Want To Help Students
Every year college students will be starting a new chapter in their lives. With this new chapter comes responsibility and the freedom to make choices on their own.
This is a warning to college or university students and their parents worldwide to be on the lookout for potential scams that are targeting these young adults and stealing their futures.
What To Watch For?
Here are some of the Student-Targetted Scams to look out for:
- Student Financial Service ScamScam A Scam is a confidence trick - a crime - is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their trust through deception. Scams or confidence tricks exploit victims using their credulity, naïveté, compassion, vanity, irresponsibility, or greed and exploiting that. Researchers have defined confidence tricks as "a distinctive species of fraudulent conduct ... intending to further voluntary exchanges that are not mutually beneficial", as they "benefit con operators ('con men' - criminals) at the expense of their victims (the 'marks')". A scam is a crime even if no money was lost.: There are many types of scams that pose as legitimate offers for scholarships, grants, and financial aid services. The student is contacted by telephone, mail, social media, or email with a great offer but is asked to provide personal information or pay upfront fees in order to proceed. These fees are usually paid by gift card, bank wire transfer, or money transfer service.
- The Unpaid Tuition Scam: The scammerScammer A Scammer or Fraudster is someone that engages in deception to obtain money or achieve another objective. They are criminals that attempt to deceive a victim into sending more or performing some other activity that benefits the scammer. contacts the student or the parents claiming that the tuition bill has been unpaid and that payment needs to be made immediately so that it does not affect the student’s enrollment. Before you run off and make a payment, call the school’s financial aid or services office and verify if this is true. The school would most likely send a paper bill before calling and demanding immediate payment. These also target grandparents, claiming that the parents have not paid and the grandparent needs to.
- Online Income Scam: Scammers prey on college students promising them a job online and ways for them to make quick and easy money. The company will either ask the students for money upfront or send them a check for their work and ask them to send a portion back to the company. These checks are fake and will result in fees and potentially other charges.
- Fake Student Tax Scam: First, there is no such thing, but scammers will try to convince you of this!
- Buying Books Online Scam: Scam artists set up fake websites and offer great deals on expensive textbooks only to never deliver the textbook and leaving the victims out of money as well as not getting the textbook they ordered.
- Housing/Roommate/Rental Scam: The scammers normally pose as an individual selling or renting a property or as a property management business conducting the transaction on behalf of a client who is the alleged owner of the property. Potential renters are then solicited for money in exchange for promises that the homes will be shown to them or rented to them upon completion of their payment. Then, once the payment is received, the prospective buyer or tenant eventually realizes that there is in fact either no home for sale or that the property is in fact occupied.
More Information About Student-Targetted Scams
Back-to-school season means a flurry of shopping — and a flurry of scams.
Scammers know that students and their parents are caught up in a frenzy of preparations and errands and are, therefore, more likely to fall victim to scammer schemes. Be sure to look out for these scams targeting college students and parents of private school students that tend to peak during the summer before the start of the school year and before the beginning of each new semester.
The Tuition Fee Scam
How it works: A college student, or the parent of a private school student, receives a phone call from a caller introducing themself as a secretary or administrator at their school, or their child’s school. The caller claims the student or parent owes tuition fees and will not be allowed to return to school for the coming semester unless the fees are paid. They may explain that a tuition check has bounced or that a credit card payment didn’t clear. Alternatively, the caller claims the student’s grant or scholarship was abruptly canceled and the student is now being billed for the full tuition fee.
The caller insists on being paid the outstanding sum immediately or the student will lose their spot in the school. The “secretary” or “administrator” provides the victim with detailed information for wiring money or dropping off the cash at a private address. Of course, once the money is sent, it will never be seen again.
Protect Against The Tuition Fee Scam: This scam is easy to spot because most schools will not insist on immediate payment, or payment through a wire transfer, money transfer, or especially not gift cards. If you receive a call like the one described above, ask the caller detailed questions about the school, their position, and the money owed. Ask for their office phone and extension – real schools have landlines. If it’s a scam, the caller will not be able to answer your questions. You can also explain that you need to see the actual bill before making any payments and that you’d like to pick up the bill yourself from the school. Finally, you can insist on calling the school directly to make the payment – if the caller becomes insistent or threatening just hang up!
The Student Tax Scam
How it works: Someone allegedly representing the IRSIRS The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) is the revenue & tax service of the United States federal government responsible for collecting taxes and administering the Internal Revenue Code (the main body of federal statutory tax law.) It is part of the Department of the Treasury and led by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, who is appointed to a five-year term by the President of the United States. The duties of the IRS include providing tax assistance to taxpayers; pursuing and resolving instances of erroneous or fraudulent tax filings; and overseeing various benefits programs. Visit www.IRS.gov to learn more. calls a college student at a public university and claims they neglected to pay their student tax. The caller explains that the student tax helps fund the university and that failure to pay this tax can result in disqualification from class and possible imprisonment. They will insist on immediate payment via prepaid gift card or wire transfer or other money transfer services. They may even demand access to your bank account or debit card number.
Protect Against The Student Tax Scam: You can spot this scam by remembering that the IRS will always first contact people by mail. Also, the IRS won’t insist on being paid through a gift card or other money transfer.
The Fake Scholarship Scam
How it works: A scammer reaches out to a college student telling them they’ve been guaranteed approval for a scholarship or grant. The only catch is that the student must pay a hefty fee to receive it (for processing or some other invented reason). These scholarships are bogus and, if the victim falls for the scam, they will never see that money again.
In a similar scam, a victim is instructed to pay a fee to a company that will allegedly file a Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) form in their name. Of course, no FAFSA form will ever be filed, and the money paid for this “service” will go directly into the scammer’s pockets. And the information that you gave them will allow the scammer to steal your identity.
Protect Against The Fake Scholarship Scam: Student scholarships and grants are designed to help students and their parents pay for education; they don’t charge for eligibility. If an alleged scholarship claims to charge a fee before granting approval, it is most certainly a scam. Also, no company will guarantee approval for a scholarship or grant; there is always a vetting process of some kind before eligibility is determined. Finally, there is no reason to pay to have a FAFSA form filed; it can be completed easily online here at Studentaid.gov. For additional help, college students can contact the financial aid office at their university.
ImposterImposter An impersonator is someone who imitates or copies the behavior or actions of another. There are many reasons for impersonating someone, such as: part of a criminal act such as identity theft, online impersonation scam, or other fraud. This is usually where the criminal is trying to assume the identity of another, in order to commit fraud, such as accessing confidential information or to gain property not belonging to them. Also known as social engineering and impostors. Scams
How it works: An imposter scamImposter Scam A caller poses as someone you know or trust in order to obtain money or personal information. They often spoof a legitimate caller's number to appear more realistic. is when a scammer pretends to be someone else in order to win over the victim’s trust and convince them to send money. In the case of college students, a student may receive a call from someone claiming to be a school official warning of a late tuition payment or other money owed. The victim is ordered to pay immediately over the phone or suffer dire consequences, such as being dropped from all classes.
To make the scam seem even more realistic, the scammer may ‘spoof’ the incoming call, making it look like the call originated from a number the victim recognizes.
Protect Against Imposter Scams: Hang up the phone immediately if you get a call involving money. Instead, contact the entity that the caller claimed to be with, for example, your school’s Office of Student and Financial Services.
Student Loan Debt Relief ScamsDebt Relief Scams Scammers posing as legitimate services collect payment in advance with promises of debt relief and repaired credit but provide little or nothing in return.
How it works: Not all offers to help to pay down student loans are real. The Federal Trade Commission (FTCFTC The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is an independent agency of the United States government whose principal mission is the enforcement of civil (non-criminal) U.S. antitrust law and the promotion of consumer protection. The FTC can also act as a clearinghouse for criminal reports sent to other agencies for investigation and prosecution. To learn more visit www.FTC.gov or to report fraud visit ReportFraud.FTC.gov) recently announced that they shut down a scam that bilked student loan borrowers out of $23M.
According to reports, the scammers lured their victims using false promises to pay down student loan debt and lower monthly payments. All the while, the thieves were diverting payments to their own accounts, and in some cases, they had even changed the borrower’s contact information on US Department of Education websites in order to limit the victim’s contact with the legitimate federal loan servicers. Some borrowers didn’t realize for years that their student loans weren’t being repaid. This is also a way the scammers steal student’s identities.
Protect Against Student Loan Debt Relief Scams: Visiting the US Department of Education website at StudentAid.gov/repay if you have federal student loans. If you have private loans, it is advised to speak directly with your loan servicer. For more information, visit ftc.gov/StudentLoans.
Misleading Credit Card Offer Scams
How it works: College students are particularly susceptible to credit card scamsCredit Card Scams Scam callers pretending to represent banks and credit card companies use a variety of tactics, such as bogus fraud alerts or promises of lowered interest rates, to steal your personal information and your credit., which could range from a legitimate credit card that has unfavorable terms, fees, or interest rates to the worst cases of a credit card solicitation that is actually a veiled attempt at identity theftIdentity Theft Identity theft is when someone uses another person's personal identifying information, without their permission, to commit fraud or other crimes. In both the U.K. and the United States it is the theft of personally identifiable information. Identity theft deliberately uses someone else's identity as a method to gain financial advantages or obtain credit and other benefits, and perhaps to cause other person's loss. The person whose identity has been stolen may suffer adverse consequences, especially if they are falsely held responsible for the perpetrator's actions. Personally identifiable information generally includes a person's name, date of birth, social security number, driver's license number, bank account or credit card numbers, PINs, electronic signatures, fingerprints, passwords, or any other information that can be used to access a person's financial resources..
Protect Against Misleading Credit Card Offer Scams: Doing your own research if you need a credit card, instead of responding to a solicitation.
Public Wi-Fi Scams
How it works: College students can log a lot of time on public Wi-Fi networks. Unfortunately, using public Wi-Fi can also make students susceptible to fraudFraud In law, fraud is intentional deception to secure unfair or unlawful gain (money or other assets), or to deprive a victim of a legal right. Fraud can violate civil law (e.g., a fraud victim may sue the fraud perpetrator to avoid the fraud or recover monetary compensation) or criminal law (e.g., a fraud perpetrator may be prosecuted and imprisoned by governmental authorities), or it may cause no loss of money, property, or legal right but still be an element of another civil or criminal wrong. The purpose of fraud may be monetary gain or other benefits, for example by obtaining a passport, travel document, or driver's license, or mortgage fraud, where the perpetrator may attempt to qualify for a mortgage by way of false statements. A fraud can also be a hoax, which is a distinct concept that involves deliberate deception without the intention of gain or of materially damaging or depriving a victim..
Hackers may exploit security flaws on a public Wi-Fi router and scan data that passes back and forth between the router and the individual’s computer, tablet, or phone. If, for example, a user logs on to a banking website or shops online while on a public network, personal or financial information entered can be at risk of exposure.
Protect Against Public Wi-Fi Scams: Avoid logging on to banking or other sensitive sites while on public Wi-Fi networks and, if possible, don’t visit any website on public Wi-Fi that requires you to enter your password.
Social Media Scams
How it works: Young people are notorious social media junkies. Seventy-eight percent of 18- to 24-year-olds use Snapchat, 71 percent use Instagram, and close to half use Twitter.
Unfortunately, scammers may be lurking on social media platforms, even on pages that seem to belong to legitimate organizations. One such tactic involves scammers setting up fake pages for universities and reaching out to college students with the goal of collecting email addresses, which could result in an inbox full of spam or even identity theft.
Protect Against Social Media Scams: Only adding friends you actually know, limiting the amount of information you post online, and being cautious of invitations to “like” pages.
BehaviorBehavior Behavior / Behavioral Actions Otherwise known as habits, behavior or behavioral actions are strategies to help prevent online exploitation that target behavior, such as social engineering of victims. Changing your behavior is the ONLY effective means to reduce or prevent scams. Blackmail Scams
How it works: Do an internet search for college students who have been the victim of online blackmail in one way or another, and you will probably be disturbed by the results. College students are known for their behavior and a new online friend can have access to what they are doing. Some of it may be worthy of balckmail.
All the world’s a stage these days, and with smartphones being so prolific someone could be captured on video or photographed without their knowledge or consent. In some cases, those images may fall into the wrong hands.
Protect Against Blackmail Scams: Thinking twice before you do anything at college that you wouldn’t want your family members or employer to see. After all, they may end up seeing it anyway.
Scammers are always out in full force before the start of the school year. Don’t let them steal your education! Stay alert and stay safe.
Scams Can Be Prevented
Here Are Some Tips To Remember:
- Be sure to speak with someone from your school before making payments on a supposed unpaid bill or offering information on a loan, grant, scholarship that is being offered.
- Completing financial aid forms, especially a U.S. FASFA form, does not cost anything to fill out.
- Research thoroughly into any business before providing personal financial information or credit card information. Make sure that the website is a secure website (https:// not http://).
- Check that any business is registered with their state – do a corporations search on the State Government website.
- Do research, talk to friends/family and school officials to learn more about how to protect yourself or your loved one from a scam.
- Never give your personal information to anyone who contacts you out of the blue.
- If you believe you have been a victim of a scam, report it to your local policeLocal Police The Local Police is your first responder in most countries. In most English-speaking countries and in Europe report to them first. In other countries look for your national cybercrime police units to report scams to. In the U.S., Canada, & Australia, you must report to the local police first. immediately, contact your bank or credit card company, and file a complaint with your local state prosecutor’s officce or national police if you do not live in the U.S. Also your university may be able to provide additional guidance.
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