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RSN™ ScamScam A Scam is a confidence trick - a crime -  is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their trust through deception. Scams or confidence tricks exploit victims using their credulity, naïveté, compassion, vanity, irresponsibility, or greed and exploiting that. Researchers have defined confidence tricks as "a distinctive species of fraudulent conduct ... intending to further voluntary exchanges that are not mutually beneficial", as they "benefit con operators ('con men' - criminals) at the expense of their victims (the 'marks')". A scam is a crime even if no money was lost. News: A Nigerian Scam History

The Legendary Nigerian ScammerScammer A Scammer or Fraudster is someone that engages in deception to obtain money or achieve another objective. They are criminals that attempt to deceive a victim into sending more or performing some other activity that benefits the scammer.: Emmanuel Nwude

This Is The Story Of Emmanuel Nwude Who Carried Out The Biggest Nigerian Scam In History!

The story of Emmanuel Nwude is an epic story of a scammer who sold a non-existent Nigerian airport to a Brazilian Banker for $242 million between 1995 and 1998.

This is also the story of the rise of online fraudFraud In law, fraud is intentional deception to secure unfair or unlawful gain (money or other assets), or to deprive a victim of a legal right. Fraud can violate civil law (e.g., a fraud victim may sue the fraud perpetrator to avoid the fraud or recover monetary compensation) or criminal law (e.g., a fraud perpetrator may be prosecuted and imprisoned by governmental authorities), or it may cause no loss of money, property, or legal right but still be an element of another civil or criminal wrong. The purpose of fraud may be monetary gain or other benefits, for example by obtaining a passport, travel document, or driver's license, or mortgage fraud, where the perpetrator may attempt to qualify for a mortgage by way of false statements. A fraud can also be a hoax, which is a distinct concept that involves deliberate deception without the intention of gain or of materially damaging or depriving a victim. and scamsScams A Scam is a confidence trick - a crime -  is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their trust through deception. Scams or confidence tricks exploit victims using their credulity, naïveté, compassion, vanity, irresponsibility, or greed and exploiting that. Researchers have defined confidence tricks as "a distinctive species of fraudulent conduct ... intending to further voluntary exchanges that are not mutually beneficial", as they "benefit con operators ('con men' - criminals) at the expense of their victims (the 'marks')". A scam is a crime even if no money was lost. (commonly known as 419419 An advance fee scam or fraud (419 scam) is a form of fraud and is one of the most common types of online confidence tricks. The scam typically involves promising the victim a significant share of a large sum of money, in return for a small up-front payment, which the fraudster claims will be used to obtain the large sum. If a victim makes the payment, the fraudster either invents a series of further fees for the victim or simply disappears. The 419 comes from the Nigerian law against this type of scam.) in Nigeria.  A phenomenon Nigeria has come to be associated with forever. But before internet fraud became a global issue with wide-ranging criminalCriminal A criminal is any person who through a decision or act engages in a crime. This can be complicated, as many people break laws unknowingly, however, in our context, it is a person who makes a decision to engage in unlawful acts or to place themselves with others who do this. A criminal always has the ability to decide not to break the law, or if they initially engage in crime to stop doing it, but instead continues. organizations, Nwude was legendary for one of the biggest scams in the world.

Specifically, his fraud was the third largest banking scam in the world after the Nick Leeson’s trading losses at Barings Bank, and the looting of the Iraqi Central Bank by Qusay Hussein. Even to this day, questions remain about how Nwude able to carry out this jaw-dropping scam and convince Nelson Sakaguchi, the director of the bank, to part with so much money for the purchase of an airport in Nigeria?

Who Was Emmanuel Nwude?

Nwude was a former director of Union Bank of Nigeria. In his position, it gave him access to confidential internal banking information and documents.

To carry out the scam, in typical Nigerian fashion, he impersonated the then governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria, Paul Ogwuma, and contacted the Brazilian Banker Sakaguchi offering him a sweet deal on the Nigerian Government’s plan to build an airport in the Nigerian city of Abuja. Nwude, pretending to be the Central Bank of Nigeria Governor, told Sakaguchi that he stood to pocket a US$10 million commission when the deal passed through. This being the typical Nigerian scam, focusing on greed and profit as a way to hook the victim.

Sakaguchi paid $191 million in cash and the remainder in the form of outstanding commitments. Not an unreasonable amount for what was offered, but a total scam.

However, Nwude was not alone in his fraudulent scheme. His accomplices were Emmanuel Ofolue, Nzeribe Okoli, and Obum Osakwe, Christian Ikechukwu Anajemba and Amaka Anajemba, with Christian later being assassinated (as a result of the scam). As well as the Nwude husband and wife duo.

Emmanuel Nwude
Emmanuel Nwude
Emmanuel Nwude

The Discovery Of The Scam

Amazingly, this criminal gangGang A gang is normally a group or society of associated criminals with a defined leadership and internal organization that identifies with or claims control over a territory or business practice in a community and engages, either individually or collectively, in illegal, and possibly violent, behavior. Online gangs are not limited by territory and may operate side by side with other gangs while engaging in crime online. Some members of criminal gangs are initiated (by going through a process of initiation), or have to prove their loyalty and right to belong by committing certain acts, usually theft or violence, or rituals. Gangs are usually rougher and more visible than scammer cartels, and more often arrested. was able to convince the director of the Brazilian bank to part with the money. Of course, it was not without work, and false documentation as well. Eventually, Sakaguchi found out he was a victim of one of the largest scam in the world! In 1997, the Spanish Bank “Banco Santander” wanted to acquire the Brazilian Bank “Banco Noroeste” and a joint board meeting was held in December of that year. Officials of the Spanish bank noted that half of the Brazilian bank’s capital was in Cayman Islands accounts uncontrolled and unmonitored. This raised significant control and accounting questions as this was two-fifths of Noroeste’s total assets.

An investigation began and was carried out in Brazil, Britain, Nigeria, Switzerland, and the United States to review the real assets of the Brazilian Bank. Although the sale of the Bank still proceeded as the owners of the Spanish bank paid $242 million for the deal, the world economies were collapsing in 2001 (partly from the Dot Com bust and other balloons).

This Formed The Birth Of The Nigerian EFCCEFCC Economic and Financial Crimes Commission The Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) is a Nigerian law enforcement agency that investigates financial crimes such as advance fee fraud (419 fraud), scams, and money laundering. The EFCC was established in 2003, partially in response to pressure from the Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering (FATF), which named Nigeria as one of 23 countries non-cooperative in the international community's efforts to fight money laundering. The agency has its head office in Abuja, Nigeria. In 2002

The then president, Olusegun Obasanjo saw to the establishment of an anti-graft agency as being essential to governance in Nigeria, and so created the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC).

Nwude’s fraud case one of the first to be investigated by the EFCC in 2004, and all of the members of the gang were arraigned before an Abuja High Court on 86 counts of “fraudulently seeking advance fees” and 15 counts of bribery related to the case.

Although the defendants pleaded not guilty, they were warned not to attempt to bribe court officials as it was suspected that money was going around. Good luck with that!

In 2005, Amaka confessed to helping Anajemba and was asked to repay $25.5 million and also sentenced to two and a half years in a Nigerian prison.

Nwude attempted to bribe Nuhu Ribadu, the then chairman of the EFCC, with $75,000 in cash, but Ribadu refused and Nwude was charged with attempted bribery as well as attempting to kidnap a key prosecution witness.

Following Sakaguchi’s testimony, Nwude finally pleaded guilty and was sentenced to five concurrent sentences of five years and was also asked to pay a $10 million fine to the federal government.

Summary

In Typical Nigerian Fashion, The Government Of Nigeria Was The One That Gained The Most.

This is both the lesson and a cautionary tale about Nigerian scams. Even if they get arrested, the government confiscates the money and the victims rarely get anything back. The Nigerian government, by its actions, serve to perpetuate the scam industry by always keeping the money in the country.

Today, the EFCC regularly, and increasingly arrests scammers and Yahoo Boys – but when you peel back the layers you see that these are the independents and the rebel scammers that will not work for the larger cartelCartel A scamming cartel is any criminal organization with the intention of engaging in larger-scale financial fraud operations. They range from loosely managed agreements among various scammer gangs to formalized commercial enterprises. The term was applied when the largest scammer gangs organizations reached a size and scope of a major enterprise, including control of corrupt politicians and local officials. In truth, most scammer cartels do not exactly meet the definition of a cartel, but the term stuck and it is now popularly used to refer to any large criminal fraud organization. organizations. Even with arrests every day in Nigeria today, compared to the 100,000 working scammers, it is a drop in the bucket!

The only solution is to shut this down on a global basis that results in sanctions against the country of Nigeria (and all Western African Countries).

portions reprinted from naij.com