UK Proposed A New CybercrimeCybercrime Cybercrime is a crime related to technology, computers, and the Internet. Typical cybercrime are performed by a computer against a computer, or by a hacker using software to attack computers or networks. Fighting Force!
An Advocacy Spotlight
Presented by SCARSSCARS SCARS - Society of Citizens Against Relationship Scams Inc. A government registered crime victims' assistance & crime prevention nonprofit organization based in Miami, Florida, U.S.A. SCARS supports the victims of scams worldwide and through its partners in more than 60 countries around the world. Incorporated in 2015, its team has 30 years of continuous experience educating and supporting scam victims. Visit www.AgainstScams.org to learn more about SCARS.
UK Proposes FraudFraud In law, fraud is intentional deception to secure unfair or unlawful gain (money or other assets), or to deprive a victim of a legal right. Fraud can violate civil law (e.g., a fraud victim may sue the fraud perpetrator to avoid the fraud or recover monetary compensation) or criminal law (e.g., a fraud perpetrator may be prosecuted and imprisoned by governmental authorities), or it may cause no loss of money, property, or legal right but still be an element of another civil or criminal wrong. The purpose of fraud may be monetary gain or other benefits, for example by obtaining a passport, travel document, or driver's license, or mortgage fraud, where the perpetrator may attempt to qualify for a mortgage by way of false statements. A fraud can also be a hoax, which is a distinct concept that involves deliberate deception without the intention of gain or of materially damaging or depriving a victim./ScamScam A Scam is a confidence trick - a crime - is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their trust through deception. Scams or confidence tricks exploit victims using their credulity, naïveté, compassion, vanity, irresponsibility, or greed and exploiting that. Researchers have defined confidence tricks as "a distinctive species of fraudulent conduct ... intending to further voluntary exchanges that are not mutually beneficial", as they "benefit con operators ('con men' - criminals) at the expense of their victims (the 'marks')". A scam is a crime even if no money was lost. Law Enforcement Shake-Up
Changes to the way in which fraud, cyber and online crime is monitored and enforced in England and Wales have been proposed by the UK government
The proposals include replacing Action FraudActionFraud Action Fraud is the UK’s national reporting centre for fraud and cybercrime where you should report fraud if you have been scammed, defrauded or experienced cyber crime in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. WEBSITE LINK with an improved national fraud and cybercrime reporting system within the National Crime Agency (NCA); strengthening the NCA and regional organized crime units with “additional officers and new capabilities”; and increasing arrests and speeding up the process for taking fraudsters to court. A new investigative function targeting “the most complex and serious fraudsters” will also be established within the NCA.
The government will also produce a new ‘action plan’ for tackling fraud, according to its recently-published ‘Beating Crime Plan’ – see below. Fraud makes up 42% of crimes against individuals in England and, together with cybercrimesCybercrimes Cybercrime is a crime related to technology, computers, and the Internet. Typical cybercrime are performed by a computer against a computer, or by a hacker using software to attack computers or networks., over 50% of all crimes in England and Wales, according to the document.
According to the report: Crime destroys lives. Victims are often left traumatised, injured or heartbroken. Crime can ruin neighbourhoods and does great economic damage to our country. It makes people feel unsafe on the street and in their homes. CriminalCriminal A criminal is any person who through a decision or act engages in a crime. This can be complicated, as many people break laws unknowingly, however, in our context, it is a person who makes a decision to engage in unlawful acts or to place themselves with others who do this. A criminal always has the ability to decide not to break the law, or if they initially engage in crime to stop doing it, but instead continues. activity fuels and funds huge criminal enterprises. Involvement in crime can set someone on a path that brings enormous harm to themselves and others.
The proposals build on the government’s ‘Economic Crime Plan’ of July 2019, and reflect the anecdotal growth in fraud and cybercrime during the Covid-19 pandemic. Tackling fraud was also a significant focus of the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) business plan for 2021-22, which explained how the regulator sees its future role and priorities.
The government had previously provided £25 million funding to support Action Fraud, creating the capacity to investigate fraud and improving the skills within the police to address it. However, in recent months Action Fraud has been plagued with criticism and, in autumn 2019, a Times investigation reportedly exposed serious failings within its call centres and in how it treated the victims of fraud. According to a UK Law Firm
Plans to establish a new fraud investigative function within the NCA to target the most complex and serious fraudsters meet the government’s manifesto commitment to create a new national cybercrime force focused on fraud. While the Serious Fraud Office (SFO) is the UK’s primary law enforcement agency responsible for the investigation of serious and complex fraud, it does not tackle instances of fraud or financially motivated internet crime – such as online scamsScams A Scam is a confidence trick - a crime - is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their trust through deception. Scams or confidence tricks exploit victims using their credulity, naïveté, compassion, vanity, irresponsibility, or greed and exploiting that. Researchers have defined confidence tricks as "a distinctive species of fraudulent conduct ... intending to further voluntary exchanges that are not mutually beneficial", as they "benefit con operators ('con men' - criminals) at the expense of their victims (the 'marks')". A scam is a crime even if no money was lost., consumer fraud or identity fraud – instead of directing victims to ActionFraudActionFraud Action Fraud is the UK’s national reporting centre for fraud and cybercrime where you should report fraud if you have been scammed, defrauded or experienced cyber crime in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. WEBSITE LINK. Details of the new function of the NCA remain scant; however, as the UK economy begins to recover from the impact of the coronavirus pandemic, the need for a robust and effective fraud reporting programme in the UK is clear.
For organizations and individuals, the hope would be that the replacement for Action Fraud “provides for greater success in not only investigating and gathering intelligence on the prevalence of fraud in the UK but also a system that utilizes these tools to successfully prosecute those committing offenses.
Fraud and computer misuse offenses increased by more than one-third in the year to March 2021, according to the latest annual crime survey for England and Wales – see below. At the same time, the number of alleged fraud cases heard in the UK courts almost doubled, with 151 such cases heard in the first six months of this year, according to KPMG’s annual fraud barometer survey. However, the total value of alleged fraud reaching the courts fell by 70% year-on-year to £139.1m, which the authors of the report said suggested that complex hearings are still being delayed by the disruption caused by the pandemic.
As matters presently stand, victims of fraud are more often than not giving up on the criminal route and choosing to recover their assets through the use of civil remedies available: these often come in the form of civil ‘weapons’ such as freezing injunctions, search orders and other tracing remedies which are shown to be extremely effective in recovering assets which have been dissipated globally. Most recently, the victims of crypto fraud have even found success in obtaining freezing injunctions against fraudsters in circumstances where the identities of the fraudsters may be unknown, at least at the outset of the proceedings.
The use of such remedies in the English courts is very popular and offers a much more effective route to recovery than reporting the crime to ActionFraud, which has failed to pay dividends to victims. Put simply, judges continue to flex the High Court’s muscles to ensure that victims recover what has been stolen.
Portions courtesy of Pinsent Masons
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