The Top 30 CybercrimesCybercrimes Cybercrime is a crime related to technology, computers, and the Internet. Typical cybercrime are performed by a computer against a computer, or by a hacker using software to attack computers or networks. in the USA
According to the U.S. Department of Justice, July 5, 2017
The top 30 Cyber Crimes in Reverse Order are:
30. DenialDenial Denial is a refusal or unwillingness to accept something or to accept reality. Refusal to admit the truth or reality of something, refusal to acknowledge something unpleasant; And as a term of Psychology: denial is a defense mechanism in which confrontation with a personal problem or with reality is avoided by denying the existence of the problem or reality. of Service Attacks – A cyber-attack that makes a computer or server unavailable by disrupting its connection to the internet.
29. Online Gambling – Online or internet gambling.
28. MalwareMalware Short for "malicious software," this term means computer viruses and other types of programs that cybercriminals use to disrupt or access your computer, typically with the aim of gathering sensitive files and accounts. Attacks – Malicious software intended to damage or disable computer systems, sometimes accompanied by demands to solicit payoffs.
27. Civil Matters / Litigation ScamsScams A Scam is a confidence trick - a crime - is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their trust through deception. Scams or confidence tricks exploit victims using their credulity, naïveté, compassion, vanity, irresponsibility, or greed and exploiting that. Researchers have defined confidence tricks as "a distinctive species of fraudulent conduct ... intending to further voluntary exchanges that are not mutually beneficial", as they "benefit con operators ('con men' - criminals) at the expense of their victims (the 'marks')". A scam is a crime even if no money was lost. – Threats of civil litigation.
26. Viruses – Computer code that can copy itself, corrupting a computer and destroying data.
25. Charity Solicitation Scams – Often employed in the wake of natural disasters, the use of fake charities to obtain money from those believing they are donating to legitimate organizations to help victims.
24. Health Care Scams – Schemes that can range from offers for health insurance assistance, medications, supplements, weight loss products or the theft of health insurance information.
23. Lottery or Sweepstakes ScamsSweepstakes Scams These scams involve someone claiming you won a prize. However, they say you must pay a fee or provide sensitive banking information in order to get it. They keep the money, and you get nothing for it. – Victims are contacted about winning a lottery or sweepstakes they never entered.
22. Impersonating Government Agencies – Got an email from the IRSIRS The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) is the revenue & tax service of the United States federal government responsible for collecting taxes and administering the Internal Revenue Code (the main body of federal statutory tax law.) It is part of the Department of the Treasury and led by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, who is appointed to a five-year term by the President of the United States. The duties of the IRS include providing tax assistance to taxpayers; pursuing and resolving instances of erroneous or fraudulent tax filings; and overseeing various benefits programs. Visit www.IRS.gov to learn more.? Most likely it’s a scamScam A Scam is a confidence trick - a crime - is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their trust through deception. Scams or confidence tricks exploit victims using their credulity, naïveté, compassion, vanity, irresponsibility, or greed and exploiting that. Researchers have defined confidence tricks as "a distinctive species of fraudulent conduct ... intending to further voluntary exchanges that are not mutually beneficial", as they "benefit con operators ('con men' - criminals) at the expense of their victims (the 'marks')". A scam is a crime even if no money was lost. by someone trying to collect money from unwary marks.
21. Tech Support ScamsTech Support Scams Phone scammers may masquerade as tech support employees for a major company in order to take your money or install a virus on your computer. They may call from what seem to be legitimate company numbers using caller ID spoofing. – Calls from the tech services department, purportedly from well-known companies, seeking to gain remote access to a computer to clean up viruses or malware are a ploy to obtain personal information, credit card numbers and passwords.
20. Re-shipping FraudFraud In law, fraud is intentional deception to secure unfair or unlawful gain (money or other assets), or to deprive a victim of a legal right. Fraud can violate civil law (e.g., a fraud victim may sue the fraud perpetrator to avoid the fraud or recover monetary compensation) or criminal law (e.g., a fraud perpetrator may be prosecuted and imprisoned by governmental authorities), or it may cause no loss of money, property, or legal right but still be an element of another civil or criminal wrong. The purpose of fraud may be monetary gain or other benefits, for example by obtaining a passport, travel document, or driver's license, or mortgage fraud, where the perpetrator may attempt to qualify for a mortgage by way of false statements. A fraud can also be a hoax, which is a distinct concept that involves deliberate deception without the intention of gain or of materially damaging or depriving a victim. – Re-shipping is a scam in which the victim agrees to receive a package delivery to their home address and ship it to customers, frequently abroad, in exchange for payment and reimbursement of shipping costs. Often the goods are stolen and there is no reimbursement.
19. Counterfeit and Copyright Fraud – The theft of intellectual property.
18. Misrepresentation Scams – Not getting what you thought you paid for.
17. RansomwareRansomware Ransomware is a type of malware from cryptovirology that threatens to publish the victim's personal data or perpetually block access to it unless a ransom is paid. While some simple ransomware may lock the system so that it is not difficult for a knowledgeable person to reverse, more advanced malware uses a technique called cryptoviral extortion. It encrypts the victim's files, making them inaccessible, and demands a ransom payment to decrypt them. In a properly implemented cryptoviral extortion attack, recovering the files without the decryption key is an intractable problem – and difficult to trace digital currencies such as paysafecard or Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies that are used for the ransoms, making tracing and prosecuting the perpetrators difficult. Ransomware attacks are typically carried out using a Trojan virus disguised as a legitimate file that the user is tricked into downloading or opening when it arrives as an email attachment. However, one high-profile example, the WannaCry worm, traveled automatically between computers without user interaction. – Malicious software designed to blockBlock Blocking is a technical action usually on social media or messaging platforms that restricts or bans another profile from seeing or communicating with your profile. To block someone on social media, you can usually go to their profile and select it from a list of options - often labeled or identified with three dots ••• and ultimately wipe the data of an infected computer unless a ransomRansom A ransom is an amount of money or other assets of value that is paid for blackmail, extortion, or under other threats or coercion. The ransom is usually paid in cash or now in cryptocurrency. Online blackmail, sextortion, and ransomware all demand ransoms to avoid negative outcomes. is paid.
16. Phishing Scams – Unsolicited email or text messages that appear to come from a legitimate company or agency, seeking personal information or log-in credentials.
15. Investment ScamsInvestment Scams When a caller claims to have a promising investment opportunity that will help you get rich quick, it's likely a scam. – The targeting of investors with false information or the promise of high returns.
14. Auction Scams – Fraudulent transactions that take place on online auction sites.
13. Identify Theft / ImpersonationImpersonation An impersonator is someone who imitates or copies the behavior or actions of another. There are many reasons for impersonating someone, such as: part of a criminal act such as identity theft, online impersonation scam, or other fraud. This is usually where the criminal is trying to assume the identity of another, in order to commit fraud, such as accessing confidential information or to gain property not belonging to them. Also known as social engineering and impostors. – The theft of personal information, such as Social Security numbers, to commit fraud.
12. Credit Card FraudCard Fraud Card Fraud is one of the most commonly referenced fraud definitions. It occurs when a fraudster uses a card (debit or credit) to make a purchase without the authorization of the cardholder. Card fraud can occur in-person or through digital channels. – Theft and fraud involving illegal charges to someone’s credit card.
11. Corporate Data BreachData Breach Whenever private information is seen by someone who should not have access, this is known as data exposure. It may also sometimes be referred to as a data leak or data breach. It might happen by accident or be caused by hackers who do it to cause harm to the individual or organization involved. It can be especially damaging to companies that store the credit card details and personal information of their customers. – The theft or leak of confidential business or customer data.
10. Harassment and Bullying – Threats of intimidation
9. Real Estate or Rental ScamsRental Scams Rental scams happen when either a property owner or potential tenant misrepresents themselves. Rental scams also misrepresent the terms and availability of a rental property. Fake ads and fake responses to rental ads can hurt both tenants and property owners. – Loss of money from fraud involving rental property or real estate investment.
8. Extortion / Blackmail / Grandparent Scams – Shakedown through threats of public exposure, physical harm or criminalCriminal A criminal is any person who through a decision or act engages in a crime. This can be complicated, as many people break laws unknowingly, however, in our context, it is a person who makes a decision to engage in unlawful acts or to place themselves with others who do this. A criminal always has the ability to decide not to break the law, or if they initially engage in crime to stop doing it, but instead continues. prosecution
7. Advance Fee FraudAdvance Fee Fraud An advance fee scam or fraud is a form of fraud and is one of the most common types of online confidence tricks. The scam typically involves promising the victim a significant share of a large sum of money, in return for a small up-front payment, which the fraudster claims will be used to obtain the large sum. If a victim makes the payment, the fraudster either invents a series of further fees for the victim or simply disappears. / Nigerian Prince Email Scams / 419419 An advance fee scam or fraud (419 scam) is a form of fraud and is one of the most common types of online confidence tricks. The scam typically involves promising the victim a significant share of a large sum of money, in return for a small up-front payment, which the fraudster claims will be used to obtain the large sum. If a victim makes the payment, the fraudster either invents a series of further fees for the victim or simply disappears. The 419 comes from the Nigerian law against this type of scam. Scams – Advance fee schemes seek an up-front fee in advance of receiving a loan, stocks, lottery winnings, or other proceeds, in order for the deal to go through. After a victims pays the fee, they typically get nothing in return.
6. Personal Data Breach – The improper release or exposure of an individual’s sensitive or confidential data.
5. Employment and Jobs Scams – An scam in which victims who believe they are legitimately employed spend their own money that is never reimbursed, or find themselves involved in a money launderingMoney laundering Money laundering is the illegal process of concealing the origins of money obtained illegally by passing it through a complex sequence of banking transfers or commercial transactions. Money laundering can be done through various mediums, leveraging a variety of payment vehicles, people and institutions. scheme.
4. Nigerian / African Money Transfers – A long-running con game in which victims are asked to help facilitate the transfer of money in exchange of a commission or share of the profits.
3. Non-Payment / Non-Delivery Scams – Goods and services are shipped to a buyer who never pays/Payment is sent to a seller who never delivers the goods.
2. Romance Scams / Sweetheart Scams / Love Scams / Confidence Fraud – An individual believing themselves to be in a relationship are tricked into sending money, personal information or items of value.
1. Compromised Email Accounts / Business Email Compromise (BEC) Fraud – A scheme targeting both businesses and individuals regularly performing wire transfer payments, compromising email accounts to conduct unauthorized transfers of funds.
The top cyber crimes with the most losses were the compromise of business email accounts, romance and confidence fraud.
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