Last Updated on by SCARS Editorial Team
SCARSSCARS SCARS - Society of Citizens Against Relationship Scams Inc. A government registered crime victims' assistance & crime prevention nonprofit organization based in Miami, Florida, U.S.A. SCARS supports the victims of scams worldwide and through its partners in more than 60 countries around the world. Incorporated in 2015, its team has 30 years of continuous experience educating and supporting scam victims. Visit www.AgainstScams.org to learn more about SCARS.™ Law Enforcement Action: The 80 Person Indictment Document
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 10
FOR THE CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
October 2018 Grand Jury
I N D I C T M E N T
[1 8 U.S.C. § 1956(h): Conspiracy to Engage in Money LaunderingMoney laundering Money laundering is the illegal process of concealing the origins of money obtained illegally by passing it through a complex sequence of banking transfers or commercial transactions. Money laundering can be done through various mediums, leveraging a variety of payment vehicles, people and institutions.; 18 U.S.C. § 1 349 : Conspiracy to Commit Wire FraudFraud In law, fraud is intentional deception to secure unfair or unlawful gain (money or other assets), or to deprive a victim of a legal right. Fraud can violate civil law (e.g., a fraud victim may sue the fraud perpetrator to avoid the fraud or recover monetary compensation) or criminal law (e.g., a fraud perpetrator may be prosecuted and imprisoned by governmental authorities), or it may cause no loss of money, property, or legal right but still be an element of another civil or criminal wrong. The purpose of fraud may be monetary gain or other benefits, for example by obtaining a passport, travel document, or driver's license, or mortgage fraud, where the perpetrator may attempt to qualify for a mortgage by way of false statements. A fraud can also be a hoax, which is a distinct concept that involves deliberate deception without the intention of gain or of materially damaging or depriving a victim., Mail Fraud , and Bank Fraud ; 18 U.S.C. § 1343: Wire Fraud; 18 U.S.C. § 1344(2) : Bank Fraud ; 18 U.S.C. § 1956(a) (1) (B) (i) : Money Laundering; 18 U.S . C. § 1957: Engaging in Monetary Transactions in Property Derived from Specified Unlawful Activity ; 18 U.S.C.
§§ 1960(a), (b) (1) (A), (b) (1) (B), (b) (1) (C): Operating an Unlicensed Money Transmitting Business; 1 8 U.S.C. § 2232(a) : Destruction of Property to Prevent Seizure; 18 U. S.C . § lOOl(a) (2): False Statements; 18 U.S.C. § 1028A(a) (1): Aggravated Identity TheftIdentity Theft Identity theft is when someone uses another person's personal identifying information, without their permission, to commit fraud or other crimes. In both the U.K. and the United States it is the theft of personally identifiable information. Identity theft deliberately uses someone else's identity as a method to gain financial advantages or obtain credit and other benefits, and perhaps to cause other person's loss. The person whose identity has been stolen may suffer adverse consequences, especially if they are falsely held responsible for the perpetrator's actions. Personally identifiable information generally includes a person's name, date of birth, social security number, driver's license number, bank account or credit card numbers, PINs, electronic signatures, fingerprints, passwords, or any other information that can be used to access a person's financial resources.; 1 8 U. S . C. § 2(a): Aiding and Abetting; 1 8 U.S.C. §§ 981 and 982 a nd 28 U. S . C. § 2461(c): CriminalCriminal A criminal is any person who through a decision or act engages in a crime. This can be complicated, as many people break laws unknowingly, however, in our context, it is a person who makes a decision to engage in unlawful acts or to place themselves with others who do this. A criminal always has the ability to decide not to break the law, or if they initially engage in crime to stop doing it, but instead continues. Fo rfeiture]