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SCARSSCARS SCARS - Society of Citizens Against Relationship Scams Inc. A government registered crime victims' assistance & crime prevention nonprofit organization based in Miami, Florida, U.S.A. SCARS supports the victims of scams worldwide and through its partners in more than 60 countries around the world. Incorporated in 2015, its team has 30 years of continuous experience educating and supporting scam victims. Visit www.AgainstScams.org to learn more about SCARS.™ Guide: Nigerian 419419 An advance fee scam or fraud (419 scam) is a form of fraud and is one of the most common types of online confidence tricks. The scam typically involves promising the victim a significant share of a large sum of money, in return for a small up-front payment, which the fraudster claims will be used to obtain the large sum. If a victim makes the payment, the fraudster either invents a series of further fees for the victim or simply disappears. The 419 comes from the Nigerian law against this type of scam. Money ScamsScams A Scam is a confidence trick - a crime -  is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their trust through deception. Scams or confidence tricks exploit victims using their credulity, naïveté, compassion, vanity, irresponsibility, or greed and exploiting that. Researchers have defined confidence tricks as "a distinctive species of fraudulent conduct ... intending to further voluntary exchanges that are not mutually beneficial", as they "benefit con operators ('con men' - criminals) at the expense of their victims (the 'marks')". A scam is a crime even if no money was lost.

Surprising Facts You Should Know

While Nigerian 419 Scams are not really Romance Scams, they go together, because many times a romantic or dating scamDating scam Dating scammers or love scammers create fake identities on dating apps and social media to coax you into fake online relationships. They often quickly move to personal channels such as phone or email, using your trust to acquire money or personal info, or help you hide their criminal activities. You'll probably never meet them in person. This is a relationship scam. contact ultimately turns into another type of money scamScam A Scam is a confidence trick - a crime -  is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their trust through deception. Scams or confidence tricks exploit victims using their credulity, naïveté, compassion, vanity, irresponsibility, or greed and exploiting that. Researchers have defined confidence tricks as "a distinctive species of fraudulent conduct ... intending to further voluntary exchanges that are not mutually beneficial", as they "benefit con operators ('con men' - criminals) at the expense of their victims (the 'marks')". A scam is a crime even if no money was lost.

Nigerian 419 Scams are some of the most common scams online, and millions of gullible people have become victims of these scams. Even today, though awareness levels have increased people continue to fall victims to different versions of the Nigerian 419 email scam. Advance fee scams, also commonly known as “Nigerian” scams, have been around in various forms for decades. In fact, they predate the Internet and email. Nigerian scammers still use surface mail and faxes as well as email and social media.

1) Section 419

The Nigerian 419 scam is based on the section 419 (four one nine) of the Nigerian Penal code which deals with fraudFraud In law, fraud is intentional deception to secure unfair or unlawful gain (money or other assets), or to deprive a victim of a legal right. Fraud can violate civil law (e.g., a fraud victim may sue the fraud perpetrator to avoid the fraud or recover monetary compensation) or criminal law (e.g., a fraud perpetrator may be prosecuted and imprisoned by governmental authorities), or it may cause no loss of money, property, or legal right but still be an element of another civil or criminal wrong. The purpose of fraud may be monetary gain or other benefits, for example by obtaining a passport, travel document, or driver's license, or mortgage fraud, where the perpetrator may attempt to qualify for a mortgage by way of false statements. A fraud can also be a hoax, which is a distinct concept that involves deliberate deception without the intention of gain or of materially damaging or depriving a victim.. Though the variations of the 419 scam may originate from any part of the world, it is believed that most of the scammers who send the emails promising millions of dollars in easy money are based in different parts of Nigeria. Due to high unemployment rates, many young people from Nigeria find this an easy way to make quick money.

It should be noted however that this type of activity is not unique to Nigeria or Nigerians. Nations with a high incidence of this fraud include; India, Malaysia, China, Indonesia, Vietnam, the United Kingdom, South Africa, Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Russia, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, the Netherlands, and Spain.

According to a 2013 Nigerian study (which is ridiculous), the top 25 sources for scam emails by country:

  1. Latvia
  2. Egypt
  3. United States
  4. Mexico
  5. Ukraine
  6. Hungary
  7. Malaysia
  8. Colombia
  9. Romania
  10. Philippines
  11. Greece
  12. Brazil
  13. China
  14. Indonesia
  15. Russia
  16. Singapore
  17. Nigeria
  18. Canada
  19. Portugal
  20. Switzerland
  21. United Kingdom
  22. India
  23. Netherlands
  24. France
  25. Austria

However, for all that Nigeria protests, they are the poster child for money scams.  After 2014, some suspect that China took over as the leader.

2) Origins

The letter promising the unsuspecting internet user millions of dollars is usually sent by email today to massive spam email address lists circulated in the scammerScammer A Scammer or Fraudster is someone that engages in deception to obtain money or achieve another objective. They are criminals that attempt to deceive a victim into sending more or performing some other activity that benefits the scammer. community. However, variants of this scam have been in existence even before email was widely used. Other modes of communication that are used are letters, flyers, SMS/Text messages, instant messaging and website comments.

3) Luring Victims

The scammer makes use of the basic weakness of human beings, the lure of easy money, becoming rich overnight without much effort, and our built-in stranger trust ». When people are made an offer which sounds too good to be true, most people do not bother to verify if the information is correct, most of them will blindly believe in the offer, ignoring the telltale signs that the offer is a scam.

4) Victims profile

The victim is usually a person who uses the internet only for basic correspondence or social media and is not aware of the dark side of human nature or the huge number of web scams running. These people only know other people of similar backgrounds in the course of their daily routine activities, and the chances of being scammed offline are relatively low. They will take the statements of the scammer at face value.

5) Scammer profile

Most of the Nigerian 419 scammers are experts in understanding human psychology (even if they lack formal educations – they are perfect salesmen), the lure of easy money, and how few people are able to resist the temptation. Many are mostly unemployed with limited opportunities available to utilize their time productively. Though the typical scammers are based in Nigeria (and are Nigerians living in the UK), variants of this scam are found in all countries.

6) Use of emails

Most of these individuals send the Nigerian 419 scam letters by email as it is the easiest way to reach huge audiences, with an email costing nothing. Typically emails are sent to thousands or millions of email addresses depending on the email list available to the Nigerian 419 scammer. Comparatively, postal mail and sms are expensive, so only a few scammers use these modes of communication.

7) Collecting Emails

Since the Nigerian 419 scam emails are sent to thousands or millions of email addresses, the scammers have perfected the art of finding new emails for sending these scam emails. Though, we now know that there are criminalCriminal A criminal is any person who through a decision or act engages in a crime. This can be complicated, as many people break laws unknowingly, however, in our context, it is a person who makes a decision to engage in unlawful acts or to place themselves with others who do this. A criminal always has the ability to decide not to break the law, or if they initially engage in crime to stop doing it, but instead continues. syndicates that disburse emails obtained through hacking, such as the one at Adobe a couple of years back, have flooded their uses with spam and scam emails.  Often the free email ids will expire or become invalid after a period of time, so emails sent to these email address will bounce. So the Nigerian 419 scammers are constantly harvesting new email addresses from various sources, as soon as the email id has been published online.

8) Free Emails

Most of the Nigerian and other scam emails are sent using free email accounts from Yahoo, Gmail, Outlook, and other online inboxes which are free with little or no verification of the identity of the person opening the account. Since these free email services have millions of accounts, it is difficult to distinguish between genuine account holders and spammers. The email account is used for sending thousands of emails at a time, and is then is typically no longer used.

9) Spam Filters

Since free email addresses are used for sending the scam emails, it is difficult for spam filtering services to blockBlock Blocking is a technical action usually on social media or messaging platforms that restricts or bans another profile from seeing or communicating with your profile. To block someone on social media, you can usually go to their profile and select it from a list of options - often labeled or identified with three dots ••• the domain name, as it would cause hardship to all other free account holders. This is a clear cut case of abuse of email, but the most drastic action that can be taken against the email sender is shutting down the account. In most cases there is no domain name specified in the scam email which could be blocked by the spam filters.

10) Effectiveness

Though most experienced internet users are likely to discard the Nigerian 419 scam email immediately after scanning the email, there are many gullible victims who take the email at face value and think that the scam offer is true.  The result is hundreds of millions of U.S. dollars scammed from victims EVERY YEAR!

SCARS the Society of Citizens Against Relationship Scams Incorporated

 
SCARS™ Team

A SCARS Division
Miami Florida U.S.A.

 

TAGS: Advance Fee FraudAdvance Fee Fraud An advance fee scam or fraud is a form of fraud and is one of the most common types of online confidence tricks. The scam typically involves promising the victim a significant share of a large sum of money, in return for a small up-front payment, which the fraudster claims will be used to obtain the large sum. If a victim makes the payment, the fraudster either invents a series of further fees for the victim or simply disappears., Email Frauds, Email Scams, Money Scams, Nigeria Scams, Nigerian Money Scams, nigerian scams, Online Scams


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FAQ: How Do You Properly Report Scammers?

It is essential that law enforcement knows about scams & scammers, even though there is nothing (in most cases) that they can do.

Always report scams involving money lost or where you received money to:

  1. Local Police – ask them to take an “informational” police report – say you need it for your insurance
  2. Your National Police or FBIFBI FBI - Federal Bureau of Investigation The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is the domestic intelligence and security service of the United States and its principal federal law enforcement agency. Operating under the jurisdiction of the United States Department of Justice, the FBI is also a member of the U.S. Intelligence Community and reports to both the Attorney General and the Director of National Intelligence. A leading U.S. counter-terrorism, counterintelligence, and criminal investigative organization, the FBI has jurisdiction over violations of more than 200 categories of federal crimes, including financial fraud. (www.IC3.gov)
  3. The SCARS|CDN™ Cybercriminal Data Network – Worldwide Reporting Network HERE or on www.Anyscam.com

This helps your government understand the problem, and allows law enforcement to add scammers on watch lists worldwide.


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Visit our NEW Main SCARS Facebook page for much more information about scams and online crime: www.facebook.com/SCARS.News.And.Information

 

To learn more about SCARS visit www.AgainstScams.org

Please be sure to report all scammers HERE or on www.Anyscam.com

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