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Ambiguous Loss and Scam Victims

Ambiguous Loss and ScamScam A Scam is a confidence trick - a crime -  is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their trust through deception. Scams or confidence tricks exploit victims using their credulity, naïveté, compassion, vanity, irresponsibility, or greed and exploiting that. Researchers have defined confidence tricks as "a distinctive species of fraudulent conduct ... intending to further voluntary exchanges that are not mutually beneficial", as they "benefit con operators ('con men' - criminals) at the expense of their victims (the 'marks')". A scam is a crime even if no money was lost. Victims A Type Of TraumaTrauma Emotional and psychological trauma is the result of extraordinarily stressful events that shatter your sense of security, making you feel helpless in a dangerous world. Psychological trauma can leave you struggling with upsetting emotions, memories, and anxiety that won’t go away. It can also leave you feeling numb, disconnected, and unable to trust other people. Traumatic experiences often involve a threat to life or safety or other emotional shocks, but any situation that leaves you feeling overwhelmed and isolated can result in trauma, even if it doesn’t involve physical harm. It’s not the objective circumstances that determine whether an event is traumatic, but your subjective emotional experience of the event. The more frightened and helpless you feel, the more likely you are to be traumatized. Trauma requires treatment, either through counseling or therapy or through trauma-oriented support programs, such as those offered by SCARS. Common To Victims Of Financial FraudFraud In law, fraud is intentional deception to secure unfair or unlawful gain (money or other assets), or to deprive a victim of a legal right. Fraud can violate civil law (e.g., a fraud victim may sue the fraud perpetrator to avoid the fraud or recover monetary compensation) or criminal law (e.g., a fraud perpetrator may be prosecuted and imprisoned by governmental authorities), or it may cause no loss of money, property, or legal right but still be an element of another civil or criminal wrong. The purpose of fraud may be monetary gain or other benefits, for example by obtaining a passport, travel document, or driver's license, or mortgage fraud, where the perpetrator may attempt to qualify for a mortgage by way of false statements. A fraud can also be a hoax, which is a distinct concept that involves deliberate deception without the intention of gain or of materially damaging or depriving a victim. Scam Victim Recovery - A SCARS Insight A Type Of Trauma Where Closure Is Not Possible Ambiguous loss is a loss that occurs without a significant likelihood of reaching emotional [...]

Self-Pity & Scam Victim Recovery

Self-Pity & Scam Victim Recovery How to recognize it and eliminate it! Scam Victim Recovery - A SCARS Insight We do not often talk about PITY. Especially self-pity! While it is a real thing, just talking about it sometimes creates barriers to working with victims [...]

Pig Butchering Scam Templates Instantly Available To Scammers

Pig Butchering ScamPig Butchering Sha Zhu Pan 殺主盤 “Pig Butchering” This is a scam type that originated in China involving the scammer developing a relationship with the victim - sometimes romantic sometimes not - and leading the victim to invest in a fake company or asset. These typically target smart younger women. Templates Instantly Available To Scammers Making It Very Simple For Amateur Scammers To Enter The Game How Scammers Operate - A SCARS Insight Scammers Easily Obtain Templates (Formats) That They Can Use To Scam Their Victims This includes for Pig ButcheringPig Butchering Sha Zhu Pan 殺主盤 “Pig Butchering” This is a scam type that originated in China involving the scammer developing a relationship with the victim - sometimes romantic sometimes not - and leading the victim to invest in a fake company or asset. These typically target smart younger women. ScamsScams A Scam is a confidence trick - a crime -  is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their trust through deception. Scams or confidence tricks exploit victims using their credulity, naïveté, compassion, vanity, irresponsibility, or greed and exploiting that. Researchers have defined confidence tricks as "a distinctive species of fraudulent conduct ... intending to further voluntary exchanges that are not mutually beneficial", as they "benefit con operators ('con men' - criminals) at the expense of their victims (the 'marks')". A scam is a crime even if no money was lost. [...]

The Unique Shame Of Being Scammed Again

The Unique ShameShame Shame is an unpleasant self-conscious emotion typically associated with a negative evaluation of the self; withdrawal motivations; and feelings of distress, exposure, mistrust, powerlessness, and worthlessness. Of Being Scammed Again After The First Scam Things Change Scam Victim Recovery - A SCARS Insight When A Victim Allows Themself To Become Scammed Again It Is Quite A Different Experience Than The First Time Notice that we said "allows" themself [...]

Man In The Middle Attack: Browser Attack

Man In The Middle Attack: Browser Attack Cybersecurity & Online Safety Basics How Scams Work - A SCARS Insight What is a Man in the Middle Attack (MitM)? This Can Be Used To Hijack Your Browser And Capture Your Sensitive Data! A man-in-the-middleMan-in-the-middle attack Man-in-the-middle attack: When a fraudster secretly intercepts and possibly alters messages between two parties who believe they are securely communicating with each other. (MitM) attack [...]

Victim/Offender Trauma Bond: The 15 Elements of the Crime Victim Detour

Victim/Offender Trauma Bond The 15 Elements of the Crime Victim Detour Scam & Financial Fraud VictimizationVictimization Victimization (or victimization) is the process of being victimized or becoming a victim. The field that studies the process, rates, incidence, effects, and prevalence of victimization is called victimology. A SCARS Insight Understanding Victims of Crime and Their Need to Deal with the Victim/Offender Trauma Bond and the 15 Elements of the Crime Victim Detour This article is [...]

Scam Victim Panic Attacks

Scam Victim Panic Attacks Helping Scam Victims Through Their Recovery Recovery Psychology - A SCARS Insight How Scam Victims Can Deal With Fear And Panic Attacks This article is addressed to new victims mostly. New victims, in the first couple of months after the scam [...]

Scam Victim Isolation

Scam Victim Isolation Understanding and Overcoming Victim Recovery - A SCARS Insight The Impact of Crime: Isolation on Victims First, It Is Necessary To Accept That Scam Victims Are Victims Of Crimes! Scam victims are as affected by these terrible crimes as many other types [...]

Quick Check For Romance Scams

Quick Check For Romance Scams Scam Basics A SCARS Insight Common Ways To Identify Romance Scams USE THIS PAGE AS A QUICK CHECK FOR SCAMS Scammers use many tricks during romance scams, but the outcomes are similar. Here are some common characteristics: SCAM TYPE: Investment [...]

Hating Criminals Feels So Good But Is So Bad

Hating Criminals Feels So Good But Is So Bad It Only Increases Trauma The Psychology of Scam Victim Recovery A SCARS Insight Why Do Victims Hate Criminals So Much? Do victims ever think about what they feel, or if it is good or bad for [...]

Optimism Bias – Everything Will Be Fine

Optimism BiasOptimism bias This cognitive bias leads you to believe that you are less likely to suffer from misfortune and more likely to attain success than your peers. - Everything Will Be Fine There Is Nothing To Worry About! Psychology of ScamsPsychology Of Scams Psychology Of Scams is the study of the psychological or emotional effects of scams or financial fraud on victims of these crimes. It helps victims to better understand the impact of scams on them personally or on others. To find the SCARS articles on the Psychology of Scams, use the search option to enter the term and find them. - A SCARS Insight Optimism Bias Affects Scam Victims Mostly After The Scam Ends - Leading Them To Be Scammed Again And Again Optimism bias (or the optimistic bias) [...]

Avoid Student Loan Forgiveness Scams

New Government Plan That Will ForgiveForgiveness What Is Forgiveness? Psychologists generally define forgiveness as a conscious, deliberate decision to release feelings of resentment or vengeance toward a person or group who has harmed you, regardless of whether they actually deserve your forgiveness. Some Federal Student Loans Avoid Loan ForgivenessForgiveness What Is Forgiveness? Psychologists generally define forgiveness as a conscious, deliberate decision to release feelings of resentment or vengeance toward a person or group who has harmed you, regardless of whether they actually deserve your forgiveness. Scams A SCARS Insight Did You Hear About The Student Loan Announcements? Scammers Did, Too The Biden Administration dropped an announcement about this but failed to think through how to do it. [...]

Arrest Warrant Scams

Arrest Warrant Scams Phone and Email Scams on the rise! How Scams Work - A SCARS Insight Beware Of Fake Arrest Warrant Scam - Either By Phone Or By Email Scammers are reaching out to potential victims by sending fake arrest warrants by email or [...]

Phishing Alert: PayPal Invoice Scam

PayPal Invoice Scam Phishing ScamPhishing scam Scammers often use email "phishing" to hook unsuspecting fraud victims. Treat all unsolicited email and spam as suspicious: Do not open or reply. To avoid loading malicious software onto your computer or device, never click a link – even from a trusted source – unless you've verified its authenticity. Be especially wary of emails asking for emergency funds or help from friends, family and colleagues. Their email accounts may have been hacked. Scammers will also pretend to be government agencies in scam emails. Alert How Scams Work - A SCARS Insight Scam alert: watch for fake PayPal invoices If you regularly handle invoices as part of your job or you purchase with PayPal a lot, this one is especially dangerous. Fraudsters are sending [...]

Fake Prize, Sweepstakes, and Lottery Scams

Fake Prize, Sweepstakes, and Lottery ScamsLottery Scams These scams involve someone claiming you won a prize. However, they say you must pay a fee or provide sensitive banking information in order to get it. They keep the money, and you get nothing for it. The promise of Big Winnings is Just a Fantasy! How Scams Work - A SCARS Insight A Lottery ScamLottery Scam These scams involve someone claiming you won a prize. However, they say you must pay a fee or provide sensitive banking information in order to get it. They keep the money, and you get nothing for it. Is No Win For Its Victims You get a call, email, or letter saying you won a sweepstake, a lottery, [...]

Utility Scams / Electric-Gas Company Scams

Utility ScamsUtility Scams Scammers posing as utility company employees warn that they need payment quickly, often with a pre-paid card, or else your service will be turned off. Businesses run by native Spanish speakers have also been targeted by this scam. / Electric-Gas Company Scams Beware of Fraudsters Pretending to be Your Utility Company How Scams Work - A SCARS Insight Utility Scammers Pretend To Be Your Utility Company Utility Scams Are Typically Done As Either A Form Of Phishing Or VishingVishing What is a vishing attack? Vishing is the social engineering approach that leverages voice communication. This technique can be combined with other forms of social engineering that entice a victim to call a certain number and divulge sensitive information. Advanced vishing attacks can take place completely over voice communications by exploiting Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) solutions and broadcasting services. VoIP easily allows caller identity (ID) to be spoofed, which can take advantage of the public’s misplaced trust in the security of phone services, especially landline services. Landline communication cannot be intercepted without physical access to the line; however, this trait is not beneficial when communicating directly with a malicious actor. Attack A [...]

Black-Wash Currency Scams Making A Comeback [VIDEO]

Black-Wash Currency Scams Making A Comeback A Fake Money Scam - How Scams Work A SCARS Insight Black Money Cleaning Scam – It's Coming Back In Asia  The black money scam, sometimes also known as the "black dollar scam" or "wash wash scam", is a [...]

Government Grants Scams

Government Grant Scams Beware of "Free Money from the Government" A SCARS Insight The Federal Government Grant ScamGovernment Grant Scam Scammers claim that you are eligible for a government grant and offer to forward it to your checking account as soon as you give them your account information, which they sell or use to steal your money. The scammer may spoof the number of the government agency they claim to be representing. Has Been Around For Years Offers of free money from government grants are scams. Someone might offer you a grant to pay for education, home repairs, home [...]

New Global Interpol Campaign Against Money Mules [VIDEOS]

New Global Interpol Campaign Against Money MulesMoney mules Money mules are a type of money laundering where a person transfers illicit funds through a medium (such as a bank account) to obfuscate where the money came from. There are different types of money mules including witting, unwitting, and complicit. Interpol Launches Project TORAID Fighting transnational financial crime in Southeast Asia A SCARS Insight Money Mules – What Are The Risks? Law Enforcement is changing their attitude about Money Mules! You cannot hide - they will come [...]

Scam Basics – White Collar Crime

Scam Basics - White Collar Crime A Class Of Crime That Includes Financial Fraud A SCARS Insight White-Collar Crime Includes Scams These crimes are not violent, but they are not victimless. White-collar crimes can destroy a company, wipe out a person's life savings, cost investors [...]

The Threat Of Scareware

The Threat Of ScarewareScareware A type of malware that displays on-screen warnings of nonexistent computer infections or generates constant pop-ups intended to trick you into buying useless or potentially dangerous "protection" software. Nasty Browster Scams To Trick You! A SCARS Insight "Warning: Your Device Is Infected" Almost every internet user has had at least one run-in with scareware, one of the most lucrative forms of malwareMalware Short for "malicious software," this term means computer viruses and other types of programs that cybercriminals use to disrupt or access your computer, typically with the aim of gathering sensitive files and accounts.. A telltale sign of scareware is a [...]

When Sextortion Goes Wrong

When Sextortion Goes Wrong When Scammers Post Those Photos A SCARS Insight We Have Discussed Sextiorton Before - But Here Is How To Deal With The Photos After They Are Posted Here Are Our Introductions To Sextortion: Introduction To Sextortion Scams Surviving Sextortion / Sexual [...]

Never Again And Other Urban Legends

Never Again And Other Urban Legends You Are Too Smart Now To Be Scammed Again & Other Urban Legends Scam Urban Legends Series A SCARS Insight Urban Legends Are Everywhere In The Scam Victim Communities! They are spread by instant experts and other victims because [...]

Essential Tools For Every Scam Victim From SCARS Publishing

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Each is based on our SCARS Team’s 31 plus years of experience.

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SCARS GREN BOOK - The SCARS STEPS Guide to Scam Victim Recovery

SCARS GREEN BOOK
Self-Help Self-Paced Recovery Program Guide

LEARN HOW TO RECOVER ON YOUR OWN

This program is designed to help scam victims struggling to recover on their own and for those who want to understand the overall process. You can be using other resources, such as trauma counselingCounseling Counseling is the professional guidance of the individual by utilizing psychological methods especially in collecting case history data, using various techniques of the personal interview, and testing interests and aptitudes. A mental health counselor (MHC), or counselor, is a person who works with individuals and groups to promote optimum mental and emotional health. Such persons may help individuals deal with issues associated with addiction and substance abuse; family, parenting, and marital problems; stress management; self-esteem; and aging. They may also work with "Social Workers", "Psychiatrists", and "Psychologists". SCARS does not provide mental health counseling. or therapy, qualified support groupsSupport Groups In a support group, members provide each other with various types of help, usually nonprofessional and nonmaterial, for a particular shared, usually burdensome, characteristic, such as romance scams. Members with the same issues can come together for sharing coping strategies, to feel more empowered and for a sense of community. The help may take the form of providing and evaluating relevant information, relating personal experiences, listening to and accepting others' experiences, providing sympathetic understanding and establishing social networks. A support group may also work to inform the public or engage in advocacy. They can be supervised or not. SCARS support groups are moderated by the SCARS Team and or volunteers., or completely independent – on your own!

The SCARS Steps program is a complete program and is provided for the purpose of helping scam victims to overcome this experience. Throughout this SCARS Steps Program, we speak about issues and challenges that a victim may have and help guide them through their recovery. But each person is different and it is important to understand your own reasons for being vulnerable to being scammed.

After the trauma of being scammed, you need to take steps to recover and move on. This may be an alternative to counseling in the short term, but we still encourage you to seek out professional help & support. Throughout this SCARS Steps Program, we speak about issues, challenges, defects, or problems that a victim may have in a generalized way.

The SCARS GREEN BOOK will help you recover from your scam offline and it will always be there when you need it!

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SCARS SLATE BOOK - A Guide For Families & Friends Of Scam Victims

SCARS SLATE BOOK – Let Us Explain What Happened!

A Guide For Families & Friends Of Scam Victims

HOW TO HELP ROMANCE SCAM VICTIMS FOR FAMILIES & FRIENDS OF SCAM VICTIMS

This SCARS Publishing book represents a complete guide to help the families and friends understand how these scams work and how to help the victim.

The SCARS Slate Book should be purchased by family and friends to better understand what happened to the victim and the traumatic impact on them. But it can also be shared by the victim so that they do not have to explain to family and friends about the scam. This publication is to help others to help Scam Victims to make it through this traumatic experience and recover.

Each person is different and it is important to understand how relationship scamsRelationship Scam A Relationship Scam is a one-to-one criminal act that involves a trust relationship and uses deception & manipulation to get a victim to give to the criminal something of value, such as money! Click here to learn more: What Is A Relationship Scam? work and why people are vulnerable; to being scammed, how they were lured in, then groomed and manipulated. This understanding is essential in helping them through the process of ending the scam and then on to recovery. The SCARS Slate Book will provide the information necessary to help support a victim through this process.

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SCARS RED BOOK - Your Personal Scam Evidence & Crime Record Organizer

SCARS RED BOOK
Your Personal Scam Evidence & Crime Record Organizer

ORGANIZE YOUR INFORMATION TO MAKE THE REPORTING PROCESS SIMPLE!

Helps you get and stay organized. This publication is to help Scam Victims organize their crime information. Complete this information before reporting to the police then bring this book with you

Before or after reporting to the police the RED BOOK gives you a dedicated tool to record all the essential facts of this crime. The Victim, the Scammers, the Money, and your Police interactions. Everything that really matters can be easily recorded for your immediate use and for the future!

As we have seen, money recovery/repayment programs can become available years after the scam ends and you need to keep all the details of this crime in case it is needed. We have also seen scammers being extradited to the U.S. and other countries, this will help in the event you testify or give statements, Additionally, this helps you have your information ready to qualify for victims’ benefits, compensation, or aid.

The Official SCARS RED BOOK is your way of recording all the important facts of this crime so that you do not lose essential information, Complete the RED BOOK then put it away with the confidence that you will have it if or when it is needed.

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SCARS BLUE BOOK - Survivor's Recovery Journal
SCARS LIME BOOK - Wisdom & Motivation for Scam Victims
SCARS CHERRY BOOK - A Guide To Understanding Your Fear
SCARS WORKBOOK - 8 Steps To Improvement
SCARS WORKBOOK - Understanding Self-Blame, Guilt, and Shame
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