RSN™ Insight: Unmasking the Nigerian Email Scammers

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RSN™ Insight: Unmasking the Nigerian Email Scammers

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RSN™ Insight: Unmasking the

BY BOWEN XIAO, Epoch Times
October 17, 2018 Updated: October 17, 2018

The following was excerpted to assure its continued availability. Source »

Stolen Profits From () Schemes, Including The Infamous “Nigerian” Email Scams, Have Grown Exponentially Across The Globe Over The Past Decade.

From January 2015 to February 2017, identified losses from such scams had increased 1,300 percent, totaling over $3 billion globally. By May 2018, the losses had grown to $12.5 billion, according to the FBI’s IC3 (Internet Crime Complaint Center).

Losses Increased 1,300 Percent

BEC scams, also known as “cyber-enabled financial fraud,” use deceptive emails that employ phishing and social media fraud tactics to target victims. Common conventional methods include spoofed emails and malware; tracked real estate and romance. Victims are often persuaded to make to bank accounts controlled by perpetrators.

These schemes have been reported in all 50 states in America and across 150 countries worldwide.

“I know you have banking trojans and different kinds of ransomware, but when you go and look at the numbers, BEC and related fraud is the number one financial threat to the industry,” Ronnie Tokazowski, a senior malware analyst at Flashpoint and founder of the BEC List, told The Epoch Times.

“Just looking at the money that’s lost, it’s not a linear graph. It kind of starts peaking up. More and more people are getting into this game because they are able to see profits.”

The BEC List is a sequestered industry group with 530 members including Fortune 500 companies, law enforcement, researchers, and internet companies who have been privately collaborating against Nigerian email schemes for the past three years—and it recently went public. The group has contributed to over a hundred fraud-related arrests worldwide.

Prominent destinations of laundered funds include “Asian banks located in China and Hong Kong” according to the FBI. Recently, financial institutions in the United Kingdom, Mexico, and Turkey have also been identified by the FBI as primary locations, based on financial data.

Foreign criminals perpetrate many of the BEC scams, some individuals are members of transnational criminal organizations that originated in Nigeria but have since spread globally.

Nigerian Culture

Tokazowski said that many of the common BEC tactics come from Nigeria. Probably the most widely known involves a foreign perpetrator who states that his money is tied up temporarily and offers his victim a large sum of money if they pay the “taxes.” Many of these scams try to appeal to the victim’s emotions.

According to Tokazowski, the culture in Nigeria plays a significant role in encouraging BEC schemes. He said Nigeria has infamously become a “hotbed” for it.

“With Nigeria, one of the bigger culture shifts is really the level of corruption—the kind of culture that in some places, this is acceptable and this type of fraud is acceptable. You also have cases where previous BEC actors who go under the handle the ‘Yahoo Boys’ were very highly praised.”

The Yahoo Boys, young Nigerian men, employed a range of internet fraud tactics to get rich and often flaunted their lavish spoils, promoting a desirable way of life for the con-artists.

The schemes also infiltrated Nigeria’s music industry.

“A lot of these Nigerian rappers they’ll go and start singing, they’ll make rap songs singing praises of their operations and how they were able to wire money off and things like that,” Tokazowski said. “It’s this culture that developed to a kind of legitimize the business of stealing money from different clients.”

Tokazowski referenced one rap video titled “I Go Chop Your Dollar” as an example. The lyrics referenced wire fraud profusely and the rapper was eventually arrested several years later.

The song includes lyrics such as: “I be the master. I go take your money and disappear, you are the loser and I am the winner. The contract na you I go give em. But you go pay me more money, make I bring em.

Several members from Tokazowski’s BEC group were also involved with an FBI operation dubbed “Wire Wire” that aimed to disrupt BEC schemes and culminated in the arrest of 74 people in the United States and overseas. In Nigeria, 29 perpetrators were arrested, according to the Justice Department.

The operation seized nearly $2.4 million and recovered approximately $14 million in fraudulent wire transfers.

Tokazowski also described the BEC schemes from Nigeria as not too technically complex when compared to other countries.

“From a technical perspective, I would consider it lower level … it’s usually more simple with how they do it,” he said. “If Nigeria were to become a nation-state threat, I would say that they are probably a couple of years away from that.”

He also noted that are evolving and what they do still affects people today.

“Just with the way that they are operating its a very difficult crime to look at and solve,” he said. “There’s no malware associated with it. With a lot of fraud going on with this stuff, you have human lives that are affected.”

Scammers also are constantly trying to figure out new and creative ways to steal money.

Tokazowski said of the emerging tactics he has seen recently involved the use of gift cards to get personal information, often through the use of a romantic phishing account.

“A lot of the actors are learning, it’s starting to become a problem,” he added.

The foregoing was excerpted to assure its continued availability. Source: https://www.theepochtimes.com/unmasking-the-nigerian-email-scammers_2692031.html

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Society of Citizens Against Romance Scams


RSN Team

a division of SCARS
Miami Florida U.S.A.

 

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Always report scams involving money lost or where you received money to:

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RomanceScamsNow.com™ is the official News Magazine of the Society of Citizens Against Romance Scams™ [SCARS]™ It is edited and published by the RSN Team, a division of SCARS. SCARS is the world's leading anti-scam organization, based in Miami Florida & Cincinnati Ohio U.S.A. Its founder has been involved in combating online fraud since 1991. SCARS™ - the Society of Citizens Against Romance Scams is a non-profit non-governmental organization (NGO) dedicated to advocating victim's causes and changing government and law enforcement attitudes toward online fraud for good! Please join us in becoming a member of SCARS - it's free! Add your voice so that the world will listen at last - just go to www.AgainstRomanceScams.org. The RSN website and all of our publications (including social media) are maintained by our own staff employees and volunteers to provide you the most up to date information about scams & scammers from around the world. We show you how to avoid them or recover from them. SCARS is the only registered online crime victims' assistance & support organization in the world. Be sure to report scammers here. Also, visit our main Facebook page for more information about romance scams.
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2 Comments

  1. Ingrid Shannon October 23, 2018 at 5:23 am - Reply

    I was writing to some one for over 4 years,not for love,just friends,it went from holland to Ghana,to Togo,to Benin ,to Cambodia,to Burkina Faso,lost most my money,oh also England,bud to go to FBI ,woman on phone,laughing at you,so I am stuck,no place to go,and sick,do I want to go on,no,lost my children to this,,oh there is so much,how and where do I start,have al mail and addresses,,what did I do,fell for the oldest scam,I gues,nice words so,if you want more,,I have bank accounts,one is a real bank and also wrote to me,and many more,so maybe you get back to me,,thanks ms.shannon

    • Romance Scams Now Editorial Team October 23, 2018 at 9:42 am - Reply

      Ingrid, you are in pain – we understand that. So many have gone through the same thing. Why don’t you join us here and let other victims help you through this?
      https://www.facebook.com/groups/RSN.Support.Group.27/ This is one of our support groups – just other victims like yourself – people who have been through this and survived. We can help you understand what happened and why, and what you can do about it. Give it a try?

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